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Alexandre Dumas

Subject: Biographies
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"My father is a big baby, which I got when I was little." To describe Alexandre Dumas the Younger's father, the creator of the Musketeers and Monte Cristo. Dumas' life was like a wonderful novel, which he always stood in the center, as a large and happy children.

The novel really begins in 1762 in San Domingo, West Indies, where Thomas-Alexandre, the son of a French colonel Alexandre Davy and the black slave Cessette Dumas is born. Colonel move quickly back to Paris with his son. Under the name Dumas takes the young Thomas-Alexandre joined the army as a simple soldier, but advances in the Revolution and the Napoleonic Wars to the General. There are many stories of his strength and valor, and they certainly gave his son Alexandre many ideas for his adventure novels. When the son Alexandre was born in 1803, Thomas-Alexandre, after all, is no longer desirable, and was sick and weak after having been imprisoned in an underground dungeon in Naples. He died when Alexandre was only four years old. Alexandre was the most to worry for his mother. He showed no aptitude or interest in any type of education, but spent any time in the forests, occupied by poaching. Eventually, he accepted, however, a position as copyist in a notariatskontor. He had a beautiful handwriting. In the end, however, he abandoned the hunt for partridges, including because of the discovery of William Shakespeare. "Imagine a blind man who has suddenly regained his sight! Imagine waking from Adam's creation: "To describe Alexandre Dumas, his experience of a traveling theater troupe Hamlet performance. Alexandre decides to travel to Paris and become a great poet and a famous playwright. Travel money he gets through to hunt and sell the change to the inn he passes.

Theatre audience favorite

Due to its beautiful handwriting, he is also in Paris employed as copyist in the office. The little free time he has devoted his time going to the theater and reading books. He also begins writing plays herself, including of Queen Christina of Sweden and the French King Henry III. His big break came in 1831 with Antony, a crime of passion in the contemporary environment, which ends with the hero kills the heroine with a dagger to save her honor. The crowd both cheered and cried during the performances. After this it became very fashionable in Paris to join a small dagger in his belt, just as Antony ... That all knew that Dumas himself become the model for Antony, and the heroine sat hidden in a box seat at the theater, did not make the show less romantic.

Dumas lives as audience favorite, and literary Croesus could commence, a life of numbing intensity. Festivals, holidays, mistresses and the newly written pieces follow each other at breakneck pace. Dumas becomes the center of Paris nightlife. His plays give a lot of money, but even more is spent on his luxurious life and all the friends and hangers-on who live on him.

Eventually, the valleys, however, the audience for his work, and the debts pile up. One day, however, saving up, in the form of a young man named Auguste Maquet, author of historical novels and a former teacher. He brings a novel about Cellamares conspiracy in the early 1700s. The plot is interesting but the language is heavy and slow reading. Dumas is interested in, lightens up the book, re-package and flicks to, and so it is being published by Dumas identified as the author, while Maquet has to settle for a fee of 1200 francs.

The historical novels is to

Dumas and Maquet continues his outstanding work. Maquet find the stories, and provides raw materials and Dumas Engineers, write dialogues, and gives the people's personality. The Three Musketeers - Masterpiece and the bestselling book - came as serial 1844th Over the next five years, then follow all the historical novels in quick succession: The Count of Monte Cristo-, Queen Margot, Musketeers sequels: Myladys son and Vicomte de Bragelonne etc.. Dumas working capacity was enormous. He writes from morning to night and often from night to morning. He has gotten the idea to write novels about the French history and it was not far off he got. Many novels were published as serials in magazines, and sometimes he provides dozens of magazines by serial sections at the same time.

Dumas, print and process all by himself, but the first version of the text is often a co-worker wrote, Maquet, or any other, such cooperation was often at that time.

Fairy-tale castle of Monte-Cristo

Thanks to the best seller he wrote, he had earned much money. He builds a wonderful fairy-tale castle which he called Monte Cristo, which among other things, surrounded by a large English park. Dumas sits itself and works in a Gothic castle tower, where he is in every stone hewn in the name of one of his works.

At the palace, he has big parties, but it is basically just his guests partying, he sits in his tower and work. He also founded his own theater, where you only to play his pieces. After some time, his construction and guests ruined him, and this drives him into exile. He has huge debts after the castle and creditors chasing him and he loses both his castle and his theater. But as soon as the economic storm died down, he returns to Paris, penniless, and stop at a third-class hotels.

To write up a new fortune

And so begins the work to write up a new fortune. He gives the example out weekly Musketeers and write yourself all in it, issue after issue, year after year. He also begins to make long journeys, as he writes novels, among others, the new Prussian terror, which he warns of a looming war against Prussia, but after all the fiascos, no one listens to him.

Dumas is approaching seventy. The audience has almost forgotten him, he gets harder and harder to write and becomes entangled in his novels, and eventually he is forced to give up her beloved job and spend his last years near Dieppe, with her son, Alexandre Dumas the younger. He died December 5, 1870, a few days before the Germans march into Dieppe.

Dumas - a young writer?

Dumas also wrote some books for children, including Lord of the William Tell, but these have not survived. At the turn of the century there were several series of books for children, but Dumas' books were not included, and was apparently not be suitable youth reading. First published in 1929 The Three Musketeers of the Children's Library Saga and 1943 was the first youth version of The Count of Monte Cristo-out. Dumas has yet been read and loved by generation after generation of young people. His books belong therefore young people's literature.

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