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The Second World War

Topic: War
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Introduction

The Second World War was a war which lasted from 1939 - 1945. One of the main reasons why the war broke out due to harsh judgment Peace requirements Germany did after the First World War.
It was called the Treaty of Versailles and signed at Versailles castle in 1919. The conditions in terms forced Germany:
- Plead guilty to war and had to pay a krigsskadstånd of several billion gold marks.
- Limit the German army to just 100 000 and to reduce the fleet to a few light vessels and general conscription was forbidden.
- Return large areas.
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Another reason was that Germany went on the attack against Poland.
Russia and Germany had agreed to divide Poland in two and concluded a non-aggression pact.
Russian leader Stalin and German leaders, Hitler seemed to agree.
Germany attacked from the west and Russia from the east.
German tanks penetrated rapidly into the country and bombers that bombed over Poland.
The Polish army had not much to set against the German, Poland went on the attack with lances and swords.
After only two weeks had been taken over Poland, this was called blitzkrieg.
Two days after the attack on Poland, Britain and France declared war on Germany.
However, both Englishmen and Frenchmen felt inferior to the Germans.

Adolf Hitler was named the man who started the war. He was born in a town called Braunau am Inn, Austria April 20, 1889 and was originally a failed artist. But when World War I started in 1914, he became a corporal and received several medals.
After the war, Hitler decided to become a politician and joined the party "Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei" (NSDAP) and became Chief of Party propaganda activities. In 1921 he became Nazi Party chairman.

On November 8, 1923 Hitler made a "coup d'etat" in a beer cellar but failed. Sixteen party members were killed and Hitler was arrested. He was sentenced to five years in prison. While in prison he wrote the book "Mein Kampf" (Mein Kampf).
In the book Hitler's childhood and upbringing, their artistic dreams, how Austria could be connected to Germany, and his experiences during the First World War.

The party NSDAP grew into a mass movement, and in 1933 took the party to power in Germany. Adolf Hitler is Germany's dictator and faced a law so that the NSDAP becomes the only authorized party.

Hitler's propaganda that it was the Jews who started the First World War, that they were sneaky and traitors led the Jews were persecuted knocked down, murdered, and the Jews lost government service. They burned the books written by Jewish authors. It tvångssteriliserar gypsies, the mentally retarded, and colored Germans.

Between 1939 until 1941, Hitler conquered Norway, Denmark, the Netherlands, Belgium, Jugoslovanien, Greece, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania.
As far did he get in a good bit of the USSR.

Holocaust

The Holocaust of the Jews can be said has been going on at all times. The Jews, among other things, been accused of killing Jesus and they did not like the Jews because they had not accepted Jesus as messiah. And during the Black Death of 1300 epithelium became Jews accused of having poisoned the wells. But after the French Revolution fell hatred of Jews and Jews were given full citizenship. But when Hitler came to power in Germany started the holocaust again but this time it was not just the Jews who were annihilated, but also homosexuals, handicapped people, socialists, communists, gypsies and Jehovah's Witnesses.

The Jews were expelled from their homes and had to move to a so-called ghetto. In the ghetto could stay several thousand people and they lived several families in each house.
Living in the ghetto was in disrepair, there was almost no food, disease spread, and they often had poor hygiene. In the ghetto people lived until the Nazis sent them to an extermination camp. The ghetto facilitated much of the Nazis because they were all gathered in one place.

How the Holocaust could happen is partly due to the economic crisis, (Treaty of Versailles) Germany had and how the Jews constantly got blamed for it.
You went out with propaganda said that the Jews tried to take over the world and that everything that was bad was the Jews' fault.
The German people believed in Hitler and anti-Semitism grew rapidly in Germany.

The table below shows the states that had the greatest losses:

Country Total number of casualties Military casualties

Soviet Union 27 000 000 5 500 000 + at least 3 million prisoners of war
Germany 7 300 000 4 300 000 + about 1 million prisoners of war
Japan 2 000 000 1 500 000
China 13 000 000 3 200 000
Poland Approximately 6 000 000 250 000
UK 452 000 382 600
Italy 700 000 350 000
Yugoslavia 1 700 000 300 000
France 600 000 200 000
US 407000401000
Finland 85 000 82 000

(It is difficult to give them exact figures on how many there were who died)

World War II, the Holocaust was the first major international conflict where the number of civilian casualties was much larger than the number of fallen soldiers.

Today live there still people since World War II, and several of them deny that they knew about the holocaust was happening to the Jews and that nothing that is said to have happened. While there are others who say it has happened and who think that Hitler was right.

Historical process

1933: The first concentration camp established in Germany suited for individuals who were considered to be opponents of Nazism. However, as released almost everyone.
Jews are no longer allowed to work in the state and Jewish books burned in huge bonfires.

1934: Laws are created where marriages between Germans and foreign breeds or defective Germans banned. Hitler appoints himself Führer of the so-called "Third Reich", homosexuals arrested over Germany.

1935: Jehovah's Witnesses are excluded from the civil service and many were arrested. The Jews who are still in the arm foreclosure in the Nuremberg Laws. The Nuremberg Laws included among other things that Jews are no longer classed as German citizens. One can say that the Jews have now lost all their rights.

1936: Heinrich Himmler appointed head of the German police.

1938: All Jews had their passports marked with a red j, which accounted for a Jew. Nazis burn Jewish synagogues and destroying thousands of Jewish shops, also known as Kristallnacht.

1939: All Jews in occupied Poland forced to wear the Star of David.

1940: The Nazis begin to experiment with different gases for two reasons, firstly it was much more effective and secondly, in order to avoid executions with firearms because it was not good for the soldier's morale. Germany occupies including Denmark and Norway, but Sweden remains neutral.

1941: Himmler orders the one to konentrationsläger be built at Auschwitz Birkenau with the name. Germany invades the Soviet Union and einsatzguppen begin a mass slaughter in areas to the east of Poland.

In 1942:
The Nazis presents the "final solution". It contained plans to annihilate all the Jews of Europe. The first of many utgallringar took place in Auschwitz-Birkenau, where it is deemed unfit were sent to the gas chamber. French police arrested following pressure from the Germans about 22'000 French Jews.

1943:
Soviet forces defeat the Germans at Stalingrad.
Hitler does not like people talking openly about "the final solution of the Jewish question" so he forbids public to talk about it. A variety uprising breaks out in different tone.

1944:
Germany occupied Hungary and starts to deport its Jewish population. D-Day, when the Western Allies (US, UK) forces go ashore in the Allied Normandy. Hitler survives a bomb attack by German officers. Majdanek camp is liberated by the Soviet Red Army. 2897 Gypsies are gassed in one night at Auschwitz. Auschwitz gassing ceases.

1945: Prisoners of the concentration / death camps of Auschwitz forced to go against Germany in what came to be described as a death march to the concentration camp Gross-Rosen concentration camp. Those who were considered too weak to march were left in the camp and freed a week later by the Red Army. The Germans had tried to burst the gas chambers and crematoria before they left the camp. The rest of concentration and labor camps liberated, and the war was almost over. Hitler commits suicide on April 30 and the war is over 8 April.

Concentration

After having had penetrated the Jews in small ghettos deported them to a concentration camp. I can only describe a concentration camp from what I know, it's certainly much scarier in real life.
When transporting Jews so penetrated to as many as possible in each train carriage, they had no food or water. It could take several days before they arrived at the death camp. The train ride was horrible but horrible it was when the train reached the concentration camp.
Young children, the elderly and those that were not considered fit to work were sent in one direction. Since coercion cut them and had to take off all his clothes. The Nazis said they must take a shower then got a respective soap and sent into a gas chamber. No one knew that it was going to be gassed and that it would soon take his last breath. From the taps inside the "shower room" came the gas instead of water.
They used a gas called Zyklon B if you inhale the gas corrodes the bruised lungs and they suffocate. It must have been a horrible death. When all were dead were other Jews ought judgment by hand to large furnaces where they burnt the bodies. If it were not gassed to death, you had to work until that one was not fit to work longer and then murdered man. The jobs ranged from building houses to carry dead bodies. The Nazis were very tough on people who lived in concentration camps. They got bad food, water, sleep and man was beaten, beaten all the time. When you slept low man on the hard wooden boards only. Germany had several concentration camps, but Auschwitz was the largest:

Auschwitz is located in a Polish village called Oswieciem and is located in western Poland. Oswieciem was occupied by Germany and then the name was changed to Auschwitz. The whole area was 40 square kilometers. Auschwitz was a concentration camp with gas chambers. It consisted of three major parts, Auschwitz I, Auschwitz II Birkenau and Auschwitz III Monowitz.
At Auschwitz died there about 1.1 million people. There were three specific reasons that the Germans built the Auschwitz there.

• The place was pretty deserted so the SS could have a good handle so that it does not come any unauthorized in there.
• There was a railway junction so they could receive people from all over Europe.
• The remaining Polish barracks which they could put prisoners in.

central figures

Adolf Hitler had the highest position in Germany, he was the protagonist of it all, no decision was taken without his permission. He was Germany's dictator.

Heinrich Luitpold Himmler was head of the SS and Head of the SS, Reichsführer-SS, Himmler was the supreme head of concentration and extermination camps, and Einsatzgruppen.

Paul Joseph Goebbels was Minister for Public Enlightenment and Propaganda in Nazi Germany. He was also chancellor of Germany in one day, from Adolf Hitler's death April 30, 1945 to his death the following day.

Hermann Wilhelm Göring was a German politician, military, Member of Parliament for the National Socialist German Workers Party in 1928, German Speaker of Parliament in 1932, Field Marshal in 1938, Marshal of the Realm, 1940. Head of the German Air Force, the Luftwaffe.

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One Response to "World War II"

  1. Margit Üprus on January 6th, 2009 at 3:11 pm #

    The reason that Adolf Hitler could be an artist was that the Jews had taken over power in Germany. The Jews had no country at the time, it made the post-WWII Jews' own country would replace the suffering they had to endure in labor and concentration camps where they were rescued by the Americans. But Americans understand today that the Germans were right and they regret that they bombed down Hitler's house in Salzburg. For now, the financial crisis in the US again.
    I think that Hitler did not commit suicide, if so, can Stalin's daughter commit suicide so that his father was a mass murderer. I believe that Hitler escaped to South America where he lived until the 80 - century. So I do not think that he committed suicide. But you have to be a bit of its sources. Certainly one should not kill people, but because the Jews had their own country, they wanted to take over Germany and the world market in every way and it is certainly in Hitler's book too. One could not ask the court for they were so sly as foxes. The only way out was a labor camp. For they can not work without deceive others. The Americans were afraid of the Germans they had power throughout Europe. Hitler took large tracts of land that he wrote safely in his book too. I would really like to read that book where the truth is. Everything else is just propaganda. That said as the Swedes say you have to be critical and I am too. Bumblebee.

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