Second World War 1939-1945
The desire for a peace that lasted, was great among the people around the world, after the First World War. They had placed their hopes and their faith in the League of Nations and the agreements of the Treaty of Versailles. A number of meetings were held by the great powers and the mood seemed to improve.
But almost 20 years later after the last shots were fired in the end of the First World War, was a new war and waited in the entryway. Now, the larger and heavier than ever before.
NF fiasco was a fact and once again armed man up for a big battle.
One can say that three events were behind it all.
The victorious great powers misslyckandes to create a stable and peaceful world order. Versailles Agreement unrealistic conditions was very humiliating for Germany and created bitterness among the German people. This was one of the Nazi party's strongest argument and the reason for Hitler's tremendous support.
The second was the economic crises that prevailed in 1920-30. New York stock market crashed and millions were unemployed. In Germany, the situation was so miserable that began in desperation to printing money to pay off all debts. This in turn led to a devastating inflation. As an example one can take that German land values went from 75 million for a dollar 4 billion for a dollar in just three years. They complained to the government and people began to turn against Hitler when he promised prosperity and a new Germany with great industrial power.
When the United States began to distance itself from European policy and any strong control over the economy, began to self-confidence grow stronger in Hitler as he perceived it as if the United States would not interfere in the new war. This would show itself was very wrong.
The third was a ruthless nationalism that began to sprout up. It started with Stalin in Russia, then spread among all the insurgent Communist groups in Europe. As a backlash to this arose the Nazi and fascist movements.
1922 Benito Mussolini to power and became head of government in Italy. He was the one who was first out of the new movements. Then came Hitler and Franco.
1935 introduced compulsory military service in Germany under the leadership of Hitler. The only resistance he encountered was a paltry protest from France and England side. The following year he took over the Rhineland. The victorious powers were waiting when they do not want to risk a new war.
After that supported Franco and right-wing extremists in the civil war in Spain, joined Hitler alliance with Mussolini, who also had supported Franco, and thus created the so-called steel shaft between Berlin and Rome. Japan joined in 1937 and thus became the Berlin-Rome-Tokyo. These were three fierce countries just sat and waited to expand their power because they felt inhibited.
Thanks to the union with Italy, could Hitler in 1938, joining his native Austria to the rest of the country. He was welcomed with open arms. The building of His kingdom led him to Czechoslovakia. Where there were areas with a German-speaking population, the so-called Sudet.
But Czechoslovakia did not hand over a portion of the land without a fight. Situation became critical.
As British Prime Minister Chamberlain and Framkrikes President Edouard Daladier went to Munich where they met with Hitler and Mussolini. He explained that it might be the last move from his side as Western powers gave in.
But Hitler did not keep his promise. For 1939, it was clear that Poland would be attacked. Germany wanted Danzig, a free zone in northern Poland. France and Britain promised to back Poland. A very surprising answer came when the Soviet Union and Germany had agreed to a non-aggression pact. Thus, Hitler had solved the problem with a tvåfrontsangrepp.
In September the same year, German troops entered Poland and France and Britain declared war on Germany.
German warfare was very efficient. A new and superior warfare with armored troops and heavy bombers, had been developed, and they also had experience after the Civil War in Spain. With blitzkrieg tactic swept them across the country, and after barely a month had troops defeated all opposition.
The process is accelerated by hungry Russians attacked from the east to get their piece of the pie.
With the help of the pact with Germany, the Soviet Union could lay hands on Baltic States and Finland. Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania were occupied and at the end of the year of attack Finland. After a tough resistance, did the country finally give up and share country and its regions.
In 1940, attacks was astonishing enough, Denmark and Norway by Germany. Denmark surrendered quickly while it took the Germans two months to occupy Norway.
No sooner after taking control of Norway, was attacked Holland and Belgium who gave up after a week. A cunning move by the German side that with his experience of the First World War, knew how they could get into France without running into the French fortification line along the German border. The German troops crushed the opposition in a short time when the French troops was extremely inferior. In June 1940, gave the French.
Britain now stood alone in the fight against Germany. In the heat of battle became the new Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, a natural leader of people that gathered the country and maintained the concentration and the hope among residents. The invasion of Britain did not go as planned when the British fighter aircraft, despite its small crowd, causing huge losses to the Germans. Hitler had to abandon the idea. This acidic end when it was the Germans' first big loss.
During the war it was the US which accounted for war materials to the British. The Germans knew this and therefore wanted to knock out the important sea lines. But thanks to the huge American production, so they could produce more ships than the Germans could sink. Even a loss to Germany, where the Battle of the Atlantic was lost.
"I have nothing to sacrifice but blood, toil, tears and sweat."
Winston Churchill 1940
Italy had joined the German side in 1940, had difficulty in defeating the resistance of the Balkans and North Africa. Hitler then sent some troops to support and 1941, Yugoslavia and Greece defeated. Troops were also sent to North Africa where the goal was to take over the Suez Canal.
The same year, attacked the Soviet Union. The idea was to eradicate communism from its roots and to seize the Russian oil. Much talked for a successful surgery, but a stiff resistance from the Russian side and an unusually cold and harsh winter slowed down the whole thing.
1941 attacked the third axis power, Japan, the US naval base Pearl Harbor. The idea behind the attack was to knock out their fleet and thereby weaken the United States to take over Southeast Asia and build a defensive wall around the key areas. But the damage was not as great as had been hoped, and the US was not harmless.
Japan had namely failed to knock out oil depots that would have plunged the US Navy in a coma.
US stated thus war against Japan. So did Britain. Germany and Italy declared war on the United States three days later. This would prove to be one of the major mistakes of the Axis side. Latin America declared war on Japan and before Christmas were 38 countries in war.
1942 turns the war, in the midst of Axis heyday. The Japanese stopped in the Pacific. In North Africa stopped the Italians and Germans at El Alamein. Violently driven them out of Africa under the leadership of the British.
Italy taken in 1943 by Americans and Englishmen. People see the war lost and Mussolini becomes stripped of power.
The aim of stopping Russian oil supply on the Volga river fails and in Stalingrad encircled a large German army. After one of history's most terrible blow forced the Germans to surrender.
The Germans attacked from all sides. Eventually they lose the air battles of their own country and in 1944 Tiger lance the Allies in Normandy with the American General Eisenhower in the forefront. The invasion presses the Germans to the east while the Russians advancing from the east.
Germany could do nothing but surrender. Hitler commits suicide and a few days later, the war is over in Europe.
The war in the Pacific continued until 1945, when the US attack with a new weapon, the atomic bomb. Seven days later give up Japan.
By now, millions of people died, cities razed to the ground and once again it has been proven that war never solves problems, only create problems.
Benjamin Saghebporibased on 15 ratings World War II,