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The seven epochs

Subject: History , Society
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Antiquity about 700 f.kr - 400 e.kr

Children brought up with music and song. It was an important part in the upbringing of the expectation that some scales made people calm.
Pythagoras, who lived about 580-500 f. Kr was a philosopher who laid the foundation of our tonal system.
Composer: Unknown

Medieval approximately 400 - 1450

Sooner did not play instruments in church. But they sang hymns.
It was hard to remember all the hymns by heart. Thus started to write down simple sign above the text.
Pope Gregory the Great compiled the hymns and Gregorian chant began.
After a few years began to sing polyphonic. Therefore developed the notation that became increasingly evident.
It was not just church music that emerged, but the troubadours became more and started playing on the lute, which was an instrument that had six or seven strings, and pear-shaped sound box. The troubadours sang most of noble knights and maidens.
Composer: Unknown

The Renaissance about 1450 - 1600

During the Renaissance man got more rights and power of the Church declined.
It was also the invention of printing, which played a big role in notväg. For now you could buy music and play them at home.
When Martin Luther came and began to control they began to sing in their own language, not in Latin, as before.
The polyphonic song became so complicated that you could hardly hear the lyrics.
Composer: Unknown

Baroque about 1600 - 1750

The king had great power in the Baroque period. King of France decided empty. how people would think and believe. They also dressed in long curly wigs and stuffed skirts. But they also invented some good things as the telescope and microscope. The first opera sung and consisted only of monophonic and simple music.
Kastratsångarna became stars with their bright beautiful voices.
Composers: Bach, Handel, Purcell and Vivaldi.

Wienklassicismen about 1770 - 1830

At the time, Vienna was the music capital where almost all composers lived.
The church lost all its power and science and philosophy flourished.
During wienklassicismen also broke out the French Revolution and Napoleon Bonaparte was out and fought.
The music during this time was very enlightening. It would be logical and have clear shapes, and contrasts between the parts.
Composer: Haydn, Mozart and Beethoven.

Romanticism 1800s

The emotions became increasingly important during the Romantic reaction to the Enlightenment. They wrote both small piano works and lieder.
They also liked the stories and dreams. Fairs and operas became more common at the time, such as symphonies.
National Romantics gathered and wrote down folk songs and about the country's history.
Composer: Schubert, Verdi, Tchaikovsky, Grieg, Chopin, Liszt and Wagner.

1900s

In the 1900s began to experiment with the music to come up with new ways to use such instruments.
Twelve-tone method was developed to the effect that one could only have twelve notes in a scale that it played. It did not repeat the same tone until you have played the others.
Composers: Stravinsky, Ravel and Stockhausen.

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