I have done an essay in which I have used the works "The highest caste" written by Carina Rydberg and "Doctor Glass" written by Hjalmar Söderberg. The first edition of "Doctor Glas" was released in 1905. "The highest caste" was released in 1997, it is therefore a century difference between the originals.
"Dr. Glass" is a novel about the lonely Gabriel Glass, he has no wife or close friends. You can follow his life by reading his diary during a six-month period.
"The highest caste" is an autobiographical novel in which Carina Rydberg writes about her life, she says that she used the real names and real events.
I have focused myself on the theme of loneliness, I felt that despite a century difference, gender difference and the way some difference of genre, there is much that binds together these works. Therefore, I have chosen to analyze how the writers depict the loneliness of his characters, in order to compare and distinguish they ate.
The essay is divided into three parts, I did because I felt that it was the three most interesting aspects of my question. Part number one is about the reasons for the two main characters' loneliness, the next point of view is based on how the characters seen by society, their social status, in other words. The last section deals with the two characters' jealousy, and how it in turn was associated with loneliness.
The result of my analysis was that Carina Rydberg, who could be seen as a more solitary individual, felt not necessarily like it. Gabriel Glass who was a respected doctor, drug not attract the same kind of attention as Carina Rydberg. This is to not beat someone to the doctor in the city, whose job is to help others, also need help sometimes. Therefore, he remained alone.
This essay is a depression based on the novels "Dr. Glass" and "The highest caste" written by Hjalmar Soderberg and Carina Rydberg. The novels are written in the same manner, both as a narrator describes his life. "Dr. Glass" is a work of fiction, unlike "The highest caste," which is an autobiographical novel based Carina Rydberg's life.
In the paper, I examined how Hjalmar Soderberg and Carina Rydberg portrays the solitude of their respective novels. The main characters in the novels have several similar features that I have described from several aspects. The reason I chose these works is partly due to the time difference and partly on the gender difference. The first edition of "Doctor Glas" was released in 1905, while "The highest caste" was released in 1997. I will therefore be able to discern how the contemporary man's vision of loneliness separated toward the modern woman.
The novel "Doctor Glass" is about a lonely man, he has neither wife, close friends or contact with their relatives. It is based on the conditions he lives his life, and you must follow it with the help of his diary. When a woman shows up at his surgery and looking for help, he finally bit to think about. The woman's name is Helga and she is married to Pastor Gregory. But she has recently met a new man she fell in love with; Therefore, she turns to the Doctor, it all ends with Gabriel Glass falls for her.
The novel "The highest caste" is about Carina Rydberg, who lives in Stockholm. The work is divided into two parts; the first takes place in India where she meets Kaizad. The second part is about the time when she will return to Stockholm, where she meets the lawyer Rolf. None of the romances survives. Autobiography purpose was therefore a bit of a revenge campaign against the two men, because she felt that they had treated her badly.
I have chosen to divide the paper into three parts; In the first part I discuss the reasons for the solitude, in the second part, the characters seen from a social perspective, and the final section is based on the following documents loneliness created. This is to portray the parables and the differences between the novels in as clear a manner as possible.
Reasons for solitude
Both of the main characters in the novels are two lonely individuals. They differ from each other from several angles, but despite their differences, the loneliness joint and therefore also similar to each other in many ways. The first aspect I plan to develop is why Gabriel Glass and Carina Rydberg live as they do, in other words, why are they alone?
In Gabriel Glass diary happens that childhood memories pops up, it seems that this was where it all began.
"My senses woke up too late, at a time when my will was already a man's will. I was very ambitious as a child. "1
Gabriel Glass says that he was always the youngest kid in the class. One can therefore assume that his classmates may have had other interests than him. The studies in the medical line also demanded hard work, there was therefore no time and opportunity for a closer relationship with someone, whether it was with a girl or a faithful friend.
The loneliness was thus a large part of Gabriel Glass life. But his choice of studies was not the only cause. He was also a little different, at least it was his own opinion.
"I turned in early at self-control, when making the difference between my innermost and constant desire, and it was the desire of the moment, the moment of desire; to listen to one voice and to despise the other. "2
That was how he stood out from other people, with its distinctive self-control. Remember when he was met by a dilemma and always made sure to listen to their innermost and constant will. It may have made that he was seen as a prudent person, which may also have made him dull.
Even Carina's childhood memories show up on a couple of occasions. Events which in turn made her acting passively or aggressively against certain people in future situations, just because the memories were too strong. A clear example of how it can work is when she during one point in the novel encounter a bunch of kids in India.
"They are six to seven and I become strangely upset by having their heels." 3
They remind me of a group of guys who during her school years run by and shouted taunts. On one such occasion she is reminded of how hard it was during those times, the annoying feeling of being bullied. Not only that, she also became ostracized. This seemed to be the hardest childhood memory she carried with her.
"Since participation is a feeling that has always been denied me" 4
Childhood shows up in several places in both novels, it becomes clear that it is one of the more significant factors to the solitude. Since childhood raised are often years of school material.
In Carina's school years, she describes herself as very ugly, something that can often be fundamental to the hierarchy in the classroom.
"But with puberty, I also became increasingly aware of my lack of attractiveness. I had always been ugly - at least this was what I learned from the first class. "5
She had few friends was not the biggest problem. She just was not friends with the people she most wanted to attend. Carina loved making lists to rank various objects and people. What then dawned on her was that she socialized with, were lower on the list than the other girls, those with higher status in the class, which she did not hang out with just to her status was not enough. It happened once that she took courage to him and asked one of the popular girls in the class if they could play after school. It seemed that it would get rid of, but she was turned down by Anette at the last moment, with a too poor excuse. To endure the ostracism during the school years may well have affected her adult life and helped her loneliness.
But one must remember that she actually had a couple of buddies. Carina told me about a friend she met when she moved away, it was her neighbor who was a few years older. But only for a short period became Carissa remove selected against another girl, not fully, but always selected second. It really makes Carina alone is that she never gets a really strong relationship with someone. Only superficial contacts that hardly matters.
This phenomenon is something that also applies Gabriel Glass social life. This sea of superficial contact with the outside world. But it's not just friendship characters have problems. Their love affair has not received any happy ending.
The reasons for that Gabriel Glass not found the woman of his life is varied. One must again go back to school years to resolve the issue. His thinking is a main factor in the drama, then he will evaluate and feel to the utmost every time he has the chance to love, minimizes the course of his romances.
"I was always so much younger than I did in the beginning nothing when they spoke of such things, and because I understood nothing, I got used to not listen. So I remained "clean". "6
What he meant by this was that during his youth never really got to experience something on their own, but acted like a spectator to love and romance. But he has not escaped the love to the fullest, at one point in his youth, he, too, experience the proximity of a woman. Without the incident, his relationship with women not stopped as it did. For it made him dream of other women, but only those who were already dear. Everyone else looked disgusting out, and if he is interested in women who are already in love, it means that he only likes women who probably do not add noticed him. This made his continued life from a romantic perspective, very spartan.
Gabriel Glass had, as I said to experience love once in a lifetime, it was during his early years on a midsummer night. Then he met a girl he hung out with during the whole night. It was wonderful, he had never felt this way for a girl before. But just a day after they met she drowned in an accident. He never forgot her, and every Midsummer he thinks back on the night with her.
The whole incident seems to be an important factor as to why he ended up alone, even if there were other reasons to it. Confidence is an important property, and one that appeared to lack Gabriel. During one of his many speculations he pondered over whether we should build a house. The arguments that he should refrain will be many, but ultimately he will conclude that we should have one wife in this case. But because then he would have to sleep with her, it was probably not a good idea.
"I have been so difficult to bear the idea that someone looking at me while I sleep. A child's sleep is beautiful, a young woman, too, but hardly a mans.7 "
With such a lack of self-confidence, it is understandable that he ended up alone. Having a hard time even imagine sleeping next to a woman does it all complicated.
Carina Rydberg also had its problems with love, the whole novel is largely out of her various relationships. One of her major problem was that she only became friends with the guys in the surroundings. She tells how the guys started to show interest in her after she got back from India. But the period proved to be short-lived, it all ended with her was one of the guys, which in turn led to several superficial contacts.
When she began writing full time, she stopped meet guys, at least that way she wanted. It was a new turning point for Carina, unfortunately a negative one. But very important for solitude. Carina Rydberg then uses a quote from Dr. Glass, to describe the feeling of her new authoring period:
"I walked past life" 89
This will, as I said from Gabriel Glass diary notes, it is from the penultimate date. He has become bleak due to Helga, who he fell in love with the novel. But there he realizes that she will never be his. And that he will never find his love, and therefore remain alone.
The characters from a social perspective
Carina Rydberg and Gabriel Glass felt at several times alone. But how did those around them about it, they felt that the characters were alone? The next aspect I have developed is how the characters fellow man saw and thought about them. How lonely they were really, and they can about possibly have hidden the loneliness they suffered?
Some of Carina Rydberg's relationship to the environment has already been mentioned. There are so-called superficial contacts she hoard. Her romances are short-term, something that becomes a pain in the long run. But how to be seen as a person in society is judged not usually how strong the contact they have with their friends. Outsiders see more about the person enjoys the company whatsoever, which Carina had often during the novel. She was seen in addition to Stockholm's hot spots. But it prevents her course, not from feeling lonely.
Gabriel Glass social relations seem to have the same status, apart from his romantic failures, he was considered not as a single man. One should keep in mind that he lived during the early 1900's, and besides a doctor. Something we can assume were a status symbol. When he goes out among the people of the city, greets most of him. But this is necessarily anything positive. He also had to face just having these superficial contacts. But it is not the kind of contact Doctor Glas seek. He is looking instead for a closer relationship.
"I wish I had a friend to confide in. A friend who I could consult. But I have no .. "10
He therefore remains a single individual, but as has been previously mentioned, does not see his fellow man he is. They see a doctor, someone seeking only when they need help. In one occasion he expresses himself clearly how it actually feels to be alone, where his desire for a relationship with a woman to be addressed:
"I, medical licentiate Tyko Gabriel Glass, which sometimes helps others but never have been able to save myself, and at the age thirty-three years have never been as a woman." 11
His former social relations has also been lost, those that he really cared about. His close relatives were a bit lost since. It makes his difficult periods can be very difficult. For relatives of those moments could have supported him have disappeared. Or he would have needed a close friend, but now he has none. Instead, he was content with the superficial politeness when he goes out in the city.
In Carina's school years, she was ostracized, different from the rest of the class. But when she grows up she will be alone in a different way. She gets more relationships, but they are superficial. But it happens that she gets a close relationship with someone. As with Kaizad or Rolf. But in the end nothing will come of it all. It always ends up that she starts writing. That is how she disappears from the social life, as she writes, she is alone.
"It is so with the writer who can not write. She tries to live instead and it is of course to hell. I should write again. I should stop living. "12
Once she set about her writing was what she imagined. Even her closest friends disowned her, in that it was an autobiography became the most nervous. Carina Rydberg quote from Hjalmar Söderberg's novel twice in his own works. When she talks about the fear of her so-called friends, she uses also this quote:
"They want to be loved; failing that, admired; failing that, feared; failing that, hated and despised." 1314
Loneliness both experienced ended with a switch to other emotions. Jealousy appeared, which was then followed by dramatic events. After a long period of loneliness acquire the characters a scapegoat. That's when they got into the stage where they have had enough of feeling sorry for himself rather than blaming someone else. Therefore, the last aspect of the essay how jealousy is part of the loneliness.
Carina has two romances in the novel, one in India and when she came back to Stockholm. Neither of the two conditions held, and after that they stopped annoyed her greatly on how the men had behaved towards her. It was they who had become scapegoats. It all led to a so-called act of revenge. If she had not been as lonely as she was at those times, she might not have acted in such a way. Close friends are usually able to support one at such events, but she had her superficial and insignificant relationships, which meant that she had to cope on their own.
The highest caste is an autobiographical novel by Carina Rydberg, that is by the way she retaliated.
"I make no with the chair that there are some people I want to hurt with this book" 15
This she said during an interview with Crister Enander. By writing about the two men, she got her revenge. It is perhaps not an overly dramatic action, but there is of course no Kaizad and Rolf said to have appreciated.
"This is power. And it's so simple, at least for me. A pen and a notebook. It is my weapon, my only one. "16
Hjalmar Soderberg writes instead about his fictional character, Gabriel Glass, which is perhaps why it ended a little more dramatic in the novel.
Gabriel Glass loneliness grows in a sense of jealousy. He has no wife, it is something he often thinks about, and he wants someone to keep him that way he wants more than anything else.
When Helga show up at his reception will not be long until he falls for her. The Doctor has long loathed the city's pastor, and when he becomes the person who is connected with the woman Gabriel Glass fallen in love, jealousy will naturally. It ends by saying that he wants to kill the priest. It is partly his distorted thoughts and constant loneliness and partly because he does not have a friend to discuss their ideas with that control him this excessive attention.
"What was it I had dreamed?
Again the same. I killed the priest. That he must die, because he already smelled like, and it was my duty as a doctor to do it ... "17
As you notice here, strange dreams like these, he would have needed to talk out of, but now he believes instead that they mean something. If he dreamed that he killed the priest, it was also the right thing. You may not be able to argue that he does so only because he is alone. But again, he is not able to discuss their thoughts all alone. No one can explain or convince him of what is right and wrong, he makes these discussions with itself, where everything yet been prepared. His innermost desire will decide, as he himself explained. It ends up fooling himself, then he has a discussion with himself, he believes to be fair, but it shows clearly how he transfers his innermost desire to take over, which ends with the pastor should be killed.
The task was to compare and distinguish the two works and their main characters. Now, once I have examined the different areas, I can draw a conclusion on how Hjalmar Soderberg and Carina Rydberg has portrayed the loneliness in their respective novels.
The first question I investigated was why the characters were alone. I then came to the conclusion that childhood was a cause of loneliness. All the problems and difficulties Carina Rydberg and Gabriel Glass had at that time was therefore a base for solitude. Gabriel Glass was always the youngest student in his class, he studied a lot to become a doctor, giving him precious little time as a child, but also make friends. Carina considered themselves however be ugly, she also became ostracized by other young people over a long period of his childhood. These elements were therefore essential for their adult life, since it founded their loneliness.
I can see it was not the sex difference very big, however, had the status difference of greater importance. Their personalities were actually relatively similar despite the difference of a century, but with the time difference got different status in society, and was therefore different.
A doctor at the beginning of the 1900s can sense had a greater influence than one contemporary writer. But since that time has changed not working status in the same way, nowadays it stands out by being a little different. For it is the ordinary people who disappear into the crowd, and allows for the odd and radical people to stand out. As Carina Rydberg, she is a writer who many consider going a little over the limit. But just because she noticed more! She explained in his novel how she was denied by female groups and sought out only to men. And you are that woman, who always sticks out, can eventually also be accepted by society.
The second aspect I focused myself on the essay was how lonely characters were. Carina Rydberg did not act the same way throughout the novel, after she began writing, she was all alone. It may be because she stopped hanging out with the guys gangs and just sat alone at the restaurant counter. She became commonplace and melted therefore into the crowd, because there was no longer so very interesting that distinguished her.
Gabriel Glass, however, was known in another way, most people in the city he lived in knew him because he was their doctor. He then got the status of being conventional and exemplary. For my idea of the time, is that if one was odd was it definitely off, but if it was considered as a hard-working man, without any different performances were more respected. Therefore, it was noticeable when the Doctor Glass went out on the street, for he was an exemplary doctor in town that you looked up to. Just because you may find that most are not discovered his loneliness. Because his job was to help others thought they are not necessarily that he may have had a hard time myself. It can therefore find Carina and Gabriel is at the same level from this aspect. Although there are various reasons, both are invisible to the public.
The last aspect I deepened me was how jealousy is part of the loneliness. It was made clear in the last part of the essay how the characters could not handle the solitude, they both became depressed and eventually also annoyed. It was then that loneliness was toned down and jealousy took over, which in turn meant that they no longer felt sorry for themselves. Instead they blamed on someone else; Carina Rydberg directed their anger at their former men and by writing about them, she took revenge their performances. Gabriel Glass became jealous of pastor in the city that he had long despised, and now that the pastor was up with the woman he loved, it was natural to hate him, and therefore pay mostly of his time to plan what he would do with the pastor.
Now that all the questions had been answered, I have established a joint conclusion;
Carina Rydberg was considered more alone, but felt did not necessarily like it. It was more her failure in the romance that weighed down her thoughts. She was also not completely alone until after her second relationship, mostly because it made her depressed. Before that time, she communed much with several groups of males and was therefore accepted for its quirky style. Gabriel Glass loneliness did not protrude in the same way, there were some familiar to him thinking that he was alone, but did not care enough to do something about it. Yet it was Gabriel glass that felt most alone, he often sat and thought of his lonely life at his desk, wondering if there would ever be any change.
One can therefore imagine that loneliness is mostly invisible, because those who suffer from it are people without help and that will not be seen by other people.
Although they would be seen sometime it is not certain that it is enough for them to get the help they need, for assistance to the extent not always something people give to someone you can not stand close.