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From runsvenska to text

Subject: History , Swedish
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Svenskans eras

Runsven Skan approximately 800-1225

Ancient Swede ca 1225-1526 (classic Old Swedish to 1375, younger Old Swedish from 1375)

Mature Modern Swedish 1526-1732

Young Modern Swedish 1732 - 1900

Now Swedish - now

A language is a great tool in society. It is an incredible way to communicate, express feelings, hopes, and tell us about dreams and events. I have been asked to present what has happened to the Swedish language from Runic sconce time until today.

The Swedish language is divided into five epochs (see above) that I thought presenting some brief details.

During the Viking era and the period until the Latin letters for writing came, usually called the runsvenska time. The language is so different from our modern Swedish that we today would not understand a word of it. The Vikings used the runes which they carved into large boulders called rune stones. They also carved into the wood as it was much easier to carve into, but there are not so many of them preserved because wood has a tendency to decay. However, the approximate number of rune stones that remain from this period is the 3000th The runic are told, for example If long trips out into the world, honoring deceased relatives, but also about life at home.

Scripture has changed a lot, but not the language. This could mean that the language has persisted, but the script has evolved into a whole.

We do not know much about Runic sconce vocabulary, but it is known that Swedish not gained as many loan words yet. Most words are so old that you can not say when or where they occurred. These words are called arvord. Some examples of such words are: father, mother, walk, then, houses, water, and whose first.

The runsvenska period lasted from 800 until 1225th Then Old Swedish took over.

We know more about the Swedish language development after the runsvenska time.

Ancient Swedish is easier to read than text on runic stones but it is also too far from our contemporary language that we could understand it. It was in ancient Swedish time the Latin alphabet came to Sweden. And that was also when they started writing seriously, not just on rune stones. The time you're talking about when you speak Old Swedish is the Middle Ages.

The changes in the Swedish language during the Old Swedish were huge. What began in Runic continued now.

We took many words from Latin and some from the Greek. Many of these words had the Church to do eg

church, priest, bishop, letters, gymnasium, basement and watch.

But the Latin word that came was just a blast to the amount of German words. Thanks to the many German merchants settled in Sweden in the Middle Ages did that Swedish additionally got very many loan words from German with, such as: Money, buy fruit cobbler, related, however, and pretty.

The next era will come in 1526 are older nysvenskan (Gustav Vasa). It is not until now we have some difficulties, we could read a text from this period.

The closer Modern Swedish we come the more we notice that the German word impact is reduced. The Swede changed much during the late Middle Ages. Old inflections disappeared. What is crucial for it to count as a new time, due to the changes that the invention of printing meant. 1526 was a historic year, when the New Testament was translated for the first time entirely to Swedish. Somewhat later came the whole Bible. Gustav Vasa sounded, with the help of the now existing printing press, printing the Bible and gave one to every church in the country. Thanks to this bible got the Swedish people for the first time a common store of words and expressions. It is still German, which accounts for most of the loan words:

pencil, insulting, proper, alien, venom, discover, amazing, makeup, etc.

Around the 1700s (1732) estimated that the Older Modern Swedish period in language the story ends and the Young Modern Swedish begins. The interest to develop and cultivate the language was strong during the 1700s. In the 1730s happened a few important things for the Swedish language. Olof von Dalin, a writer and historian, gave the 1732-34 out weekly "Then Swänska Argus," which introduced a new, more casual style in written language. Something magazine also wanted to defend the Swede against the influence of foreign languages.

Perfume, mom, dad, balcony, clapping, goodbye, hotel, modern, blond, attractive, elegant, fresh, etc. were French words that supplied the Swedish language with as more and more French words began to seep into Swedish. Especially during the 1700s second half when French was a fashion language. The language we use today is referred to as nusvenskan. The written language was during the 1900s straighter and easier with shorter sentences. It is in the spelling reform in 1906 that one can truly say that the Nusvenska language period started. This meant that f replaced by v (af lost and over was over). In many words, we removed, for us today, strange verb inflections eg Are, and they went. The foundation for this reform was in the late 1800s when the English and the way to spell affected us much. They also replaced the non-and not with not. But the biggest change was the spoken language influence on the written language. After 1945 borrowed many words from English. And later, a TV and computer technology, with satellite dishes and the internet arrived. Because of this, English has affected us even more than before through television, movies, computers and other technology. English is the international language of technology, and it is now dependent on the English.

At the end of the nusvenska time arises SMS and chat language (Smileys and abbreviations). Which for many, especially the older ones might just find it strange characters here and there. Everything looks most like hieroglyphics - while the younger ones in today's society seems to make. But for those who make use of Smileys and abbreviations, it is very efficient and flexible. The reason for doing that is because the chat is as much content as possible in as little space as possible regarding - It should be quick.

If you write SMS wants you might also get into a lot of text on a particular surface for it to be cheaper.

Here are some examples of the most common smileysar and expressions you use when texting or chatting:

Tongue in cheek / Flirts: I laugh:


Sad / angry / disappointed: Oh my God! Are in shock

: ( : O

Sticking out its tongue happy, joking:

: P:)

English dictionary

r - are (is)

u - you (you)

LOL - Laughing out loud (laugh out loud)

BRB - Be right back (be right back)

BTW - By the way (by the way)

IRL - In real life (in real life, live)

Swedish dictionary

e - is

d - the

lr - or

oxå - also

asså - thus

tbx - back

ngt - something

ASG - asgarvar

very - very

IOF - se

cs - seen

pok - kiss and hug

But how will the Swedish language further development and future look like?

English is already almost a world language. Wherever the children go to school they learn English. Even in parts of Africa, it is for example now to speak fluently, even with the native population. Maybe the Japanese and Chinese, to give us more than before because Japan and China in particular, are emerging countries. One theory I believe in is that the words will be shorter because it is written so much on computers - whether shortened down words, it could go considerably faster typing in large texts. All these Swedish and English chat abbreviations used in fast communication over the Internet will surely become future use expressions. It is quite difficult to imagine how the future Swedish and Sweden will look like. Perhaps smileys start to be used in journal writings, fiction and miscellaneous reports and the Prime Minister will perhaps say that the election results were fat (good) or kefft (poor). Will today's globalization and the increasing internationalization lead to a world language English increasingly influence our language. Will the English loanwords to increase and how it will be with split compounds, these will in future be permitted? - Perhaps, it is only the future that has the correct answer on it.

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