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France

Topic: Geography
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Population

France has a population of 60.9 million people.

Capital and population

Capital of France is Paris with 2,111,000 inhabitants.

GDP and military expenditure as a percentage

France has a GDP of 40,782 U.S. dollars per capita, 2.5% of France's GDP goes to military spending.

School

In France, you have to go to school from when they are six years old, the man is 16 years old. Many children between two and three year old goes to the voluntary preschool. Elementary school is five years, high school is four years long, the last two years you have to choose practice or theory. 80% attend state schools. After compulsory education students can choose two-year vocational schools or three-year high school. Almost everyone who has completed a secondary school, decide to go on to university. But universities in France do not have the resources to accept so many students, so you have to be very clever to get into. Fixed than it has been completed, it is difficult to find jobs in the labor market. In France, about 80 university with nearly 1.5 million students, twice as much compared to 1980 There are also specialized schools, les grandes écoles, which are much harder to get into, these universities are training the elite in politics. All universities are open to all but only the best get into. The most famous is the University Sorbonne in Paris, and the most famous special college is ONE, l'Ecole Nationale d'Administration.

Religion

75% of all of France's Catholics, but only 17% are religious. The rest do not care what the Pope has to say about divorce, abortion or contraception. The church is separate from the state since 1905, and since 1970 has been the Catholic Church almost back the influence of the French daily life. Based on this, there are approximately one million Protestants, 200 000 Orthodox, five million Muslims, 700,000 Jews and a half million who have said they are Buddhists, mostly because it became very popular to be Buddhist, many atheists, it became the thought that the doctrine of life and meditation was the right thing. In France they do not have veils in schools, while the church wants to be able to have the veil and cross in the school, the government disagreed. A law of 1989 said that they had to have religious symbols only it was not scary or had an impact, but in 2004 Parliament introduced a new law that said you could not have the religious character of the school as veil, crosses or gasp.

Currency

In France, use the euro as currency.

Continent

France is located in Western Europe.

Neighbouring countries

France bordering Spain, Monaco, Switzerland, Belgium, Italy, Germany, Andorra and Luxembourg.

Form of government

France is a republic. Mixed with presidential rule and paramentalism. The president can appoint and dismiss the government, but he must have the approval of Parliament, the National Assembly. France's current president, Nicolas Sarkozy, his party's UMP, a castle party thoroughly. The time the president may govern for five years, since 2002, if necessary, the president direct control, then no one can argue with him, but that only happens if there is a major crisis, war, or if he must. You have to have the majority of votes to become president. If the president is against or in conflict with the National Assembly and get the majority of votes from parliament against him, he is forced to resign or allow the government to a party with a different color. Parliaments are the National Assembly consists of 577 members and the Senate with 321 members. The National Assembly is stronger than the Senate, the government. France has a multi-party system.

Nature and climate

Northern and western France is lowland area, eastern France, is mountainous. France's three largest mountain is the Massif Central, located in central France. Alps in the southeast, and the Pyrenees which is on the border between France and Spain. The country has few lakes, the largest being Lac Léman. The country's largest rivers are the Rhone, the Loire, the Seine and the Garonne. France lies in the tempererade- climate zone. The average temperature in France is at the beginning of the year and up to the middle of the year between -10 ° C to about 0 degrees. In summer, from mid-year and at the end, it is between 17 ° C in the north and 23 ° C in the south. In France, about 30% of arable land, 30% grassland, heathland and 6%

3% wetland. In France it is 25% forest, leaf forest, it is very off. In France, there are 4570 species of seed plants, about 90 species of land mammals, about 400 species of birds, 32 species of reptiles (18 lizards, snakes twelve and two turtles) and 27 species of amphibians (ten salamanders and 17 frogs).

Natural resources

France has a lot of minerals, such as bauxite, uranium and potash. The land was previously the world's largest producer of iron ore, but was closed in 1997 the last mine. Also exported a lot of coal, but it has also been fully closed. Fish and timber are in France, so that many countries in the world.

Industrial

France has a large and well-built industry. Many large industries have evolved from small family businesses. France has metal, textile, footwear and shipbuilding. Industries such as automotive, chemical, and mechanical and electronics industries, there is a lot of. They are also the aircraft industry in Toulouse. Competition from Southeast Asia is alarming. But the unrest has been minde through more efficiency and productivity, and that France allows other countries to invest and build industries in France. The main industries are food, electronics and transportation industries. Many smaller but better-known industries are those that manufacture perfumes and other famous fashion articles.

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