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Isaac Newton

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Isaac Newton was born on the estate Woolsthope near Grantham in England 4 januari in 1643. When he was born he was very small. His childhood was not particularly good. Isaac grew up on a small farm. Isaac's father was also named Isaac, he died three months after Isaac was born. Isaac's mother, Hannah Newton remarried a wealthy clergyman, Barnabas Smith when Isaac was three years old. Next year moved Isaacs mother to another village with the priest. But Isaac stayed and took care of her grandmother. Isaac's mother came back when Isaac was 10 years old. She was a widow with three other children from the priest. Newton went primary school in his home district. It was then that Isaac, he learned to read, write and count. Instead of working after school ended, Isaac continued to attend King Edward VI's Grammar School in Gantham. During semesters lived Isaac at a pharmacist. As a child, Isaac worked many hours to build small machines and models. He saved his money and bought building materials and tools such as saws, hammers, chisels and wood. The pharmacist wind Isaac built a water out of his bedroom. The chemicals in the pharmacist's cabinet he experimented. Isaac was not outgoing, he was shy and reclusive. He did not like to play sports but read books and built models instead. When he was 16 years old, he was called back to Woolsthope to work. He was not a good farmer but he read books and experimented instead of working. Nine months later, Isaac back to school in Gratnham. Then it was the school's principal, Henry Stroke who took care of and taught Isaac. All the teachers were preparing Isaac for the university. In June 1661 when he was 18 years old Isaac came into Trinity College who belonged to the University of Cambridge. First year in Trinity College he was taught that the pupil anytime. He became one of them wealthy students by running errands, serving food, polish your boots and emptying chamber pots. Mathematics professor, Isaac Barrow encouraged Newton's studies. Next year did Isaac Newton graduated and took his candidate. Isaac was mighty good at math. He could soon more than their teachers. He became interested in geometry and algebra. Since he was a bachelor Isaac had the right to go four years at Trinity College. He then worked with his own studies and research.

Since it was plague folded University from 1665 to 1667. 70,000 people died in London alone by the plague. During that time, Isaac home in Woolsthope two years and worked on their next discoveries. At the age of 26 became Isaac Newton Professor of Mathematics and represented the university in Parliament.

The scientist Isaac Newton was hired by the Mint 1696. 1700 he became director of the Mint. He also became president of the Scientific Association Royal Society. Newton was also knighted by Queen Anne in 1705. Isaac Newton died March 31, 1727. En success Isaac did early on was the development of biomialserier. When the university was closed Isaac became interested in light and optics. In his childhood house in Woolsthorpe Isaac performed some simple experiments. By including a narrow beam of light to hit a prism. The light is bent or broken when it passed through the prism. When the light shone out from the other side it was wider and divided into a spectrum. In rainbow colors. But there were some who questioned him. Isaac made a crucial experiment because it was difficult for others to repeat the experiment, there were many who criticized Newton's conclusions. Isaac has also developed a mathematical method that he called fluxionsmetoden. Today we call it inifinitesimalkalkyl. Newton invented a telescope with small mirrors that were much more effective than telescopes that existed before. Newton also came to earth was an attraction. As we now call gravity, it is said that he was sitting under an apple tree at Woolsthorpe. When an apple fell to the ground and Newton always wondered why apples fell from the apple tree. He read books from philosophers like Frenchman Rene Descartes, the Englishmen Henry More, Thomas Hobbes. Isaac studied the German astronomer Johannes Kepler about his work on light, telescopes and movements of heavenly bodies. He also studied the Italian scientist Galileo Galilei's theories in mathematics and astronomy who made the revolution in science. Another person that Newton was inspired by was the English scientist Robert Boyle. Isaac studied his work in philosophy, chemistry and physics. English physicist and mathematician Robert Hooke and the Dutch astronomer and natural philosopher Christiaan Huygens. These people questioned Newton's conclusions about the light.

Newton wrote a book Royal Society gave out. The book is called Philosophiae Principia Mathematica Naturali (Natural Philosophy, Mathematical Principles). But usually called the Principia. He also wrote the book Opticks.

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