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Islamic art and culture

Topic: Culture , Religion , Society
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The proliferation of messages

In the 600s CE. Muhammad succeeded one entire Arabian peninsula, from the current Kuwait and down to Yemen. This was the foundation of a powerful empire that in time would be more than twice as large. In the mid-700's included the Empire of Spain, all of North Africa, Armenia, and all the way to Pakistan. The Islamic culture came to be the premier during the Middle Ages. It also popped up a variety of styles in the kingdom every corner.

The Arabic script was of great importance for the spread of Islam. For the most part, there were scripture in the Qur'an. Because there was a picture bans developed the calligraphic style very much. Quranic scripture became a work of art in itself which aroused people's interest and at the same time reinforced the meaning of words. The first style that became really popular was kufisk writing. In three centuries dominated the all Qurans issued. Over the years, added the small clever decorations on each letter. In everyday life they used to use the simpler Nashkskriften. In the 1200s took Thuluthskriften of the quirky writing. Tuluth means and a third is based on a third of the letters overlooks downwardly. When Iran became Muslim created over were heading to the Persian and Iranian style very different from that which prevailed in the Arabian Peninsula. An example of calligraphy influence in the Muslim world is the Saudi flag. The flag is green and it stands with white Thuluthskrift: "there is no god but Allah, and Muhammad is his prophet." Both Iraqi and Iranian flags with the words "Allahu Akbar" which means "God is greatest".

Many in the Arabian Peninsula were merchants and trade was an important part of everyday life. Prophet Mohammed himself was a merchant. By trade exchanged not only goods but also ideas and ways of thinking. Because of the drummer spread Islam long paths. In addition, the Islamic kingdom good contacts with various parts of Asia, both Russia and China and India. Something that the Christian church in Europe had equally. Islam still exists in parts of India and China. After a stroke 751 against the Tang troops in present Kazakhstan managed to Arabs capture two men who taught them how to make paper. Something that had long been a Chinese secret thus became the Arabs and the improved technology and paper quality.

The Islamic community

Because of trade grew cities unchecked. The cities dominated almost always of the trading middle class. The cities were divided and people with different backgrounds lived in different parts of the city. Many suburbs grew up outside the city walls. They could be well-off, or they could be poor. The criminals and prostitutes were often to the cemetery. The family was the man over the head, but there was also something called the Quadi, a kind of judge they could engage in civil cases. A muhtasib was responsible for a lot of things, such as keeping track of streets and squares, make sure that the water was not bad and bury the dead. There was something called the waqf, who was in charge of assistance from the religious leaders. Around the city mosque, the bookstalls, jewelers and other things that were considered to be fine. More dirty industries such as slaughterhouses located outside the city walls.

Islamic architecture

According to the Islamic faith is the Kaaba, the first mosque. It is Abraham who built it after an order from God. Kaaba is a large cube of black granite that is close to Mecca, Saudi Arabia. That's where Muslim pilgrims flock. In the eastern corner is the "Rukn-al-Aswad" immured. It is a black stone believed to be a piece of a meteor. Another famous mosque that has a little more of the traditional Islamic architectural style is rock mosque in Jerusalem, which is built 691. At about 740 were built Xianmoskén at the eastern end of the Silk Road. Mosque of Cordoba, Spain began 784 and was an important milestone in Islam's western history. It was very different from the other mosques, such was not the mosque's mihrab pointing towards Mecca. Between the Caliph's palace and the mosque was built a road on the poles so that the caliph could go to the mosque without risking being killed. In today's Russia around the year 1000 was built QOL Shariffmoskén which today is Eastern Europe's largest mosque. The mosques were richly decorated with calligraphy and arabesques - a kind of advanced geometric pattern that Islam is very well known for.

Image Prohibition

Excavations and historical research have shown that there was no picture prohibition in Islam's earliest history. In the 700's, there were images of palaces and possibly mosques. It is said, however, that Muhammad turned against the people who used and created images. On 800talet it starts showing up texts that speak of the image ban. The idea is that picture violates the first part of the creed: "no god but God." By making the images you are a creator, and no one may be the creator besides God. Shi'ite interpretation of the image ban differs, however, from the Sunnis. Shiites only prohibits images are for idolatry. But even among the Sunnis have photo ban discussed. It was discussed about the photo ban would only apply to living beings who wore a ruh (spirit or soul). Some thought that images could occur in everyday items such as carpets and pillows. Eventually they decided still picture ban on all creatures that have a soul. I think that is why the decorative art became so popular in Islam. It combines flowers with appliances which is perhaps the most careful image you can do. The Qur'an expresses never a ban on images, it is based as said on the idea that no one is creator but God, which is in the Koran. However, there is a popular story from Hadithsamlingarna when Muhammad did not want to go into his wife Aisha's home. He stopped at the door because she had pillows in there with pictures. Muhammad says in the story that anyone who uses the images will be punished on the Day of Judgment.

Images of Islam has still been a lot of, for example, in the Persian miniature visual art that emerged in the 1200s. It was also common with pictures of the Ottoman Empire and mongulriket in India. Today there is no picture prohibition in Islamic countries, it would probably be very difficult to implement, given today's technology and then Islam has of course been modernized. But in some places live parts picture ban remain, you may not depict God or the prophet. This may explain the strong reactions against the Mohammed cartoons, where Muhammad is not only depicted but also disgraced.

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One Response to "Islamic art and culture"

  1. Gabriella on May 29, 2008 at 6:39 pm #

    How did isalams society in the Middle Ages? what are the differences in Islam and Christianity, and what are the similarities?

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