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Comparison Buddhism & Hinduism

Topic: Religion
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Buddhism origin

Siddhartha Gautama was born around 566 f. Kr in Kapilavastu Kingdom, the present Nepal. Father reigned over this kingdom. The people who lived here, called Shakya. Spådomsmän predicted that Siddhartha would become a philosopher of the meaning of life. Father did not like that idea, he wanted him to be a ruler. King Suddhudana, decided to give Siddharta the most enjoyable life in the palace so that he would never be able to leave its gates. Siddhartha had everything a child could ask for at the time. But despite this, he lacked something, knowledge and enlightenment. Siddhartha was trapped behind palace doors and had no idea at what stage around the world. He found no pleasure in food, no joy in the most expensive clothes or gifts that surrounded him. At a later time, Siddhartha had enough and went out of ignorance and materialism. Siddhartha was also married to a beautiful princess, Yasadhora. But his decision was firm and he left the palace to see the outside world.

The key sights

Siddhartha saw illness, old age and death. Completely beaten, he asked himself, 'How can I live a life of pleasure and luxury when there are equal human beings who are suffering in this world?' '

On his way he met also others who sought the meaning of life through meditation and thought. He walked in their footsteps and became a monk. Siddhartha put a lot of effort into thought and intellect but soon noticed that he did not led him to the realization that he was so keen to achieve. Siddharta threw himself into asceticism world and tormented his body in every possible way. Siddhartha found no answers in this way either. He realized now that neither the luxurious life in the castle, or life as an ascetic led to freedom.

The Enlightenment

Siddhartha had now lived a life of both extremes, a life of luxury and pleasure, and a life of poverty and asceticism. Siddhartha tried a third way. He concentrated on the thought, intellect and mentality. But this time, he would look deep within himself.

In a day of full moon in May, he sat under a Bodhi- tree at Gaya, a tributary of the Ganges. Where he gave a promise, '' I'm not going to trip me from this place until I reached what I seek. Even if my soul leave me or my body rots and I'll find the truth about the meaning of life ''. Siddhartha meditated deep and concentrated, was visited by Mara, the evil one. Mara tried to disturb Siddhartha's concentration by sending beautiful women who tried to seduce him. He sent a storm and rain but after a defeated Siddhartha Maras temptations. Siddharta searched deep within himself and meditated for a long time, it is said that Siddhartha saw the Universal Law of Cause and Effect in this strong meditation. He saw himself in his former life, and got to see the documents lead to another life, Karma. Siddharta had been meditating for some time now, at the end he found what he sought for many years, the truth of life. He became the Buddha, and in their neck of the woods he was called Shakyamuni Buddha, the enlightened of the Shakya dynasty.

The word Buddha is not really a name that many people think. It can be interpreted as the awakened, the enlightened, those who have seen the light. This refers to the one who understands how to take yourself away from life natural causes of sickness, aging and death. If you think this way everyone can be a Buddha, an enlightened person.

Prince Siddhartha Gautama is the founder of Buddhism and about in this way was born the religion.

Hinduisms origin

Hinduismen origin can not exactly date back in time. But about 2000 BCE one can say that religion took shape. This makes it one of the world's oldest religions. There are several theories about the origins of Hinduism, the most famous is the theory of Aryans invasion. Aryans, which means the noble, were nomads and lived in the northern parts of Europe and Asia. The tribes first settled in the so-called Indus Valley, Pakistan. At a later penetrated the Aryans into India and conquered the northern parts. Aryans mastered iron and weapons, this was an advantage when they conquered Dravidians who were still in the Bronze Age. The fair-skinned Aryans pushed the darker Dravidians to the south of the country. Arians also brought religion and culture. These two cultures then became the foundation for today's Hinduism.

I would point out that there are several theories about the origin of Hinduism. Some researchers say that this theory is not proven, then today we are dependent on historical facts. They claim that this theory is a pure myth.

Origin Similarities

There are several similarities between these two regions' emergence. Both came to India today and they dated far back in time, which will make it the world's oldest religions. If we ignore the religions we examine and look at examples of Christianity, Islam and Judaism, we can clearly see a resemblance as Buddhism and Hinduism have. Buddhism and Hinduism is the religion of the people who first practiced religions. Vedas written by the Aryans and Dravidians, the teaching of Buddha was written by his followers and so on. Their emergence is credible since it was founded by human beings and not gods or prophets. For me, Christianity or Islam the higher power words to the devotees, guidance and directions given in scripture and prayer.

Origin Differences

The main difference here is that Buddhism has a shallower, Siddhartha Guatama but Hinduismen no such founder. In Buddhism religion becomes enlightened by Siddhartha, Hinduism accessible by two different civilizations merge their cultural traits and religion.

Buddhism, typical features

Buddhists believe the soul wandering after death, samsara. They also believe in a "heaven" but no hell. You could almost say that the suffering and constant rebirth is hell. Hell as in Christianity and other world religions do not exist. Suffering dukha units and from the Buddhist Pali language. Buddhists do not believe in gods or prophets. If Christianity says: Do this, says Buddhism: Guide the yourself. Buddha never saw himself as a god and therefore are Buddhists independent of the gods. To pray and sacrifice is worthless thought the Buddha. The followers of religion have learned to be peaceful and to create a natural approach to things in life. Nirvana is every Buddhists final goal, nirvana can be reached when one has given up all desires and embraced the teachings of the Buddha and understood the meaning of it. Buddha Siddharta led the way in his teaching, but to reach Nirvana allowed to do on their own.

Meditation

Meditation is one of the key elements of Buddhism, it was through a powerful meditation, Siddhartha became the Buddha. The goal of meditation is to train their consciousness and come closer to enlightenment. Meditation can be relaxing for thought and body, but meditation in Buddhism has a deeper purpose. You could say that meditation develops clarity and stillness when you live in Buddhism and Hinduism.

Vesak and Kathina

Vesak is celebrated in May during the full moon day as the memory of Buddha's birth and enlightenment.

Kathina translates as strong or powerful. At the beginning of July collected Theravada monks and perform meditation and other physical exercises. Then give people the monks four förnödheter they need. Clothing, food, shelter and medicine. The Buddhist monks gladly give food and gifts as this is said to purify the laymen's mind.

Ethics (Pance Strain)

For the ordinary Buddhist, there are five disciplines in life that you follow.

 Distance from killing, respect life

 No theft may occur, respecting property

 No sexual missköte, respecting nature

 No lies may be allowed, respect honesty

 No drugs or intoxicants, respect the body and soul

Virtually all Buddhists follow these simple rules of life to contribute to a clear and clean surroundings.

Hinduism, typical features

Just as Buddhism believes in samsara Hinduism, reincarnation. They believe that everything in the world has a soul, an atma. Hinduism has many gods representing several pages of a universal god, Brahman, or world soul. All atman is attached to this world-soul, but not quite completely. Only when freed from samsara can live in harmony with the soul of the world and achieve moksha. Moksha is similar to Nirvana because they are both state that one reaches when one understood the meaning of the religion's doctrine and meaning. Hinduism is a polytheistic religion and pantheism. The soul can wander to what life form anywhere, even animals, and therefore the animals have great value in India, especially cow.

In India, one caste system, this came at the same time as the religion got its start. In the caste divide the people into castes according to what karma they have. This karma then determines the next reincarnation. The caste system is only in Hinduism, making religion unique. As the Buddha Siddhartha's teaching was partly on equality between people, did not he on the caste system impact on society and the division. It is not just a division, the system has been in Hinduism since the beginning and create balance in religion. Despite the dirty work that the lower castes may carry out, there is not much complaints. The Hindus have lived with this system for thousands of years.

Hindus trust their lives on the higher powers, they trust that the gods will guide the right direction. But Hinduism is also a wonderful way of life, where the doctrine is spiritual and free from other typical features.

Rules or ways of life

 A Hindu can not eat meat

 No alcohol may be allowed

No lies 

 No theft

 Do not harm animals or other life

For the ordinary Hindu are those points important to live an honest and clean life.

Puja

Puja is a ritual practiced by Hindus. It consists of the steps and a puja sacrifice to an idol one placed in front of him. Others read prayers or meditate to reach the contact with Brahman. This ceremony is quite short and is also practiced in the homes of Hindus.

Yoga

In the West, Yoga has been known for a method practiced by people seeking the tranquility of mind and everyday life. This method just come from Hinduism and exercised for others

purposes by the Hindus. Yoga means union, and is a mental and physical meditation the practitioner closer to the soul of the world. For the rest of the world is Yoga a practice that one finds tranquility in.

Asceticism of Hinduism

There are men who decide to reach moksha through asceticism. Those who practice this method is called ascetics and torment themselves, they think that one can reach the contact between the soul and Brahman. Sadhus are men who seek the path of wisdom, they relinquish all their possessions and walk to the temple to reach moksha by knowledge.

Holidays

Holifesten: Celebrated in memory of a known God, namely Krishna. It is a happy celebration where colors crackling and watercolors thrown around at each other. A feast for the family together. Raksha Bandhan: The word means linking. It is a feast when the relationship and love is in the center. Families and when bind silk thread around each other's wrists as a sign of protection. It also asks the gods to protect those you love.

Krishnajanmashtmi: A holiday celebrated in a few days for the god Krishna's birth.

Besides the mentioned feasts, there are more festivals which are celebrated, there are many gods in Hinduism, therefore, are feasts so special.

Dharma and duties

In addition to the precepts contained above, there are four sentences of life followed by a Hindu.

 dharma

The belonging to a particular caste system do their duties related to the caste. It's the Dharma, to pursue their lives in that position it ended.

 Success

It is doing so well they can based on their caste and their circumstances. You put thought into everything it does.

 enjoyment of life's pleasures

A human being should enjoy that life has to offer.

 Free the soul from rebirth

The final of the duties is to free his soul from reincarnation and become one with the soul of the world in order to experience moksha.

Differences and similarities, typical features

We begin with the simplest similarity both parts, the belief in reincarnation and the transmigration of souls. Both religions believe in life after death, they are born, live, die and then be reborn again in a new form of life. Hindu well as Buddhists has an end of life, the state is reached when all aspects of religion is clear to one. Hinduism has multiple paths to reach moksha, but Buddhism has no such roads. To reach Nirvana one must become a monk but it also depends on the direction in Buddhism you belong to, as I will further down.

Religions usually have the basic rules of how to be towards others and how one should do, Ten Commandments of Christianity and so on. The rules of Hinduism and Buddhism are very similar. Religions have more similarities than differences, since Buddhism was born out of Hinduism grounds. Feasts are different from each other, to understand why, we must look back at the typical features of religions. We know that Hinduism worships several gods, gods who create gods who give love, gods that protect, thousands of gods! The Buddhist worship no gods, nor Buddha. Therefore, they have not as many festivals as Hinduism has. Hinduism has a great love of the gods positions

religion and the help they can reach their goals. Buddha Siddhartha's teaching contained no division between social classes and peoples. Another difference because the caste system still lives on in India.

Meditation is a central part of the Eastern religions, especially Buddhism and Hinduism. It helps the reach thoughts that give an insight and skill. For the non-religious or other religions, meditation can be a quiet time when it clears the mind and begins again.

Buddhism believes that the world consists of suffering and the goal of the Buddhist is to liberate oneself from suffering. Hindus believe in the four stages of life to achieve (above) which Buddhists do not. Buddhism is a philosophy and conscious religion, much depends on the inner peace and enlightenment. Hinduism however, is almost a way of life. You can not really compare these two except for some details. The most recognizable difference is that Hinduism is pantheism (God is in everything, Brahman) and polytheism (many gods within a religion). Buddhism is atheistic religion, but it does not deny that the gods exist, they are not needed when following the teachings of Buddha.

Learn, Buddhism

When Siddhartha became enlightened, the Buddha, he saw the meaning of life. In simpler words, he understood how life all points worked. He came up to '' The Four Noble Truths '' This was the fundamental doctrine in Buddhism

The Four Noble Truths (Ariya-Sacca)

The basic doctrine of Buddhism, the Buddha presented in the four noble truths.

1. Suffering

Everything is only suffering! Happiness turns to sadness, a child age and die, a flower withers if it does not get water or light. What he meant is that suffering is inevitable as long as we are in require of materialism and as long as you are trapped in ignorance. We love someone, but that person can disappear or die. It's Buddha's first noble truth. For people who are reading this for the first time, it may seem strange but the Buddha did not say that there is joy in life. He saw the joy in friends, family, but this joy was eventually suffer.

2. The cause of suffering

The explanation of Buddha's first truth. Desire and thirst for material things is the reason, you want to constantly have the more you want to succeed, you want to reach the top, you want to have the newest clothing items or gadgets. This leads away from the mental freedom, and instead will be reborn and continues the cycle of reincarnation.

3. Suffering final

To end suffering, man must kill the thirst and instead focus on the thought and intellect. Buddhists use a light that parable, the candle is blown out and goes out, then you are free. This state is called Nirvana and is what every Buddhist wishes, a state of harmony and understanding of human nature.

4. The road to suffering ceases else

Buddha had my own experience as a monk, ascetic and the prince knew nothing of these ways of living led to Nirvana. He instead chose a middle ground when he became enlightened, the way he called the 'Eightfold Path' 'and is just the way you should follow to reach Nirvana.

The Eightfold Path

 Same-Ditthi, proper knowledge of the Dhamma and Liberation

 Same-Sankappa, the right disposition to act out of love and harmony,

 Same-Vaca, right speech harmless and peaceful speech, no empty talk or lies

 Same-Kamantha, right action following the precepts dealer respected

 Same-Ajiva, the right life they deserve their lives by living right

 same-Vayama, endeavor to contribute to a better world

 Same-Sati, right vigilant attention to the body, senses, emotions

 Same-Samadhi, right meditation concentration on the mental strength during meditations, and the strength to be able to focus on a single thought.

Learning, Hinduism

Within Hinduism there is not a similar doctrine of the Buddha. Instead, the doctrine of the religion thoughts about atma, the world soul, moksha, reincarnation, etc. in religion sacred scriptures, the Vedas. It tells the stories of the gods and their lives, how they deal with thoughts and things. Doctrine get when starting from the gods' deeds and adventures in all the stories. Different castes can also mean different opinions about teaching in less detail, but the idea that the whole religion has in common applies to all followers.

Everyday life

Within Buddhism teaches parents the children to be responsible consistent and disciplined in mind. They will soon learn that all actions have consequences, and in this way they will be cautious. I can imagine that children have great respect and discipline to others. Much depends on pursuing their religions and learn the basics from the beginning. For example, Sweden is not religion and life, the most important topic in schools and everyday life. For those who follow the religions we examine this question plays a big role in their lives. Very religion means understanding, children learn to think differently about life, they learn to philosophize. Some young people become monks and then it will be even stricter with materialism and the modern world in their lives. A Buddhist monk may only take few things, but they differ from other possessions. They get a bowl and every morning they go out to beg for food from the laity, only the necessary belongings may appear. There is a big difference from my life, I am religious but not in that way, I am surrounded by so many other things. My religion is not based on strict rules to follow. No religion probably have the same effect on children as Buddhism and Hinduism have. But I think they are fine, there is nothing in the religion to suggest that the opposite is true.

Buddhism has over 400 million followers worldwide. In Sweden Buddhism is the third largest religion with about 13,000 followers. Hinduism has over one billion followers, mostly in India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Malaysia and Indonesia. In Sweden there are approximately five to ten thousand Hindus.

In Buddhism considered the woman to be less worthy, the Buddha warned his disciples and followers of the woman. But the woman can reach the same realization as the man and learn the same skills. Today there are female Bodhisattvas who conveys the doctrine to the laity. The western world culture affecting religions in the east.

Women in Hinduism has a misery to life. In Hinduism the woman is beaten and does not have the same rights as man has. Policy approach to this is hardly. The man has a large domination over woman and if he suspects infidelity she may be tortured or killed. You marry young girls to older men because this has been around since the early tradition. These events are everywhere in India, the woman is considered to be a burden in some parts. The rights of women are few and the men are dominant.

Rich throughs, Buddhism

When Buddha died about 480 f. Kr. He had followers and students who spread his teachings around Asia. After some time formed two different schools of Buddhism.

Theravada or Hinayana

Hinayana is Pali and can be translated to the little wagon and is the oldest school of Buddhism. The word Hinayana is shaped by the word hina which means small or low and yana as trolley or circle, one way to reach enlightenment. The reason for this name is that this school argue that only monks and nuns can reach nirvana. The foundation lies in the collection of texts called the Pali Tipitaka (The three baskets), the original doctrine taught by the Buddha. The eight noble truths divided into

 Ethics (right speech, right action, right life)

 Mind role (right effort, right concentration, right vigilance)

 Knowledge, wisdom (right understanding, right knowledge)

Monks and laymen have frequent contact in Theravada Buddhism. The monks also conveys the doctrine to the laity and to estimate gives laity monks things they need to continue teaching. Sri Lanka, Cambodia, Laos, Myanmar, Thailand is recognized Theravada communities.

Mahayana

In recent times, there was a new development in Buddhism, Mahayana. Mahayana meaning large cart was a new school. This doctrine was that everybody could achieve nirvana by a person who has already attained enlightenment (Boddhisattva) may not leave the ground until they helped others to reach the same realization. It is much less than the Theravada teachings but unlike Theravada sacrifice Mahayanister spirits, and other entities. This direction is in large part in the western parts of Asia, Tibet, Japan, Korea and China.

Lamaism

In Tibet Buddhism called the Lamaism, the leader is the Dalai Lama and Lamaismens important person.

Directions, Hinduism

Within Hinduismen is basically the directions of routes Moksha. But these "schools" is however philosophical unlike Buddhism directions.

Karma

This direction involves relying on good deeds in life, to live morally and peacefully. Most often, people live according to Ahimsa, non-violence method used in the riots during the Mahatma Ghandi attempt to abolish the caste system. You follow the rules or ways of life that religion has.

Bhakti

It is closely tied to the god Vishnu, to show their respect and love through sacrifice, pray and show their appreciation. Love plays a big role in this direction. Bhakti can in turn be divided into even smaller groups of direction.

Wisdom

This direction is similar Hinayanan in Buddhism. To achieve moksha here, you should have a deep understanding of religion's doctrine and spirituality which is about reincarnation and Brahman.

Those who follow this path meditates and reads from the Vedas to create knowledge to their advantage. This knowledge is then used when you become one with Brahman and reach the ultimate goal in Hinduism ... Moksha.

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2 Responses to "comparison Buddhism and Hinduism"

  1. fanny b on October 27th, 2011 at 7:24 pm #

    Thanks for the help!! Very good facts. Mild language.

  2. Linnea on March 22, 2012 at 5:00 pm #

    Very good facts and really helped me in the last second :) 5/5

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