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Judaism

Topic: Religion
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What is believed to in Judaism?

Judaism is a so-called monotheistic religion, and it means that all people who are Jews believe only in a God and it is God, or the Lord as some also says.

According jew believe God created the world. God has not only chosen to create man, he has also chosen to love and care about it. God is everyone's God and He has a plan for a special group of people and it is the Jews, whom he has chosen for a special mission in the plan.

God chose according jew do not think the Jews because they were stronger or better. God chose them, and they have a special mission. There is often talk of Judaism's sacred texts of the great love God has for His chosen people.

But God also has many demands he places on the Jews. The requirements shall be a sign for others and for God, who is the creator. God has made a covenant / agreement with the Jews and of the agreement are specific rules they should live by. There are many rules, but they can be useful in many different ways. Some may be good for the body, and some can make the Jews more harmonious, but mainly the rules for displaying the special covenant between God and the chosen people.

Whole life is affected to the covenant with God - what to do and when, how and why to do it. There are rules for how to dress, what to eat and when to work and rest. There are also rules for life's beginning and end, for family life and marriage - there are therefore rules for life, from beginning to end.

To Jews should remind themselves of how important it is to follow all the commandments of God, so will Jewish men wear special bönemantlar when they pray and read the sacred texts. A tallit, a bönemantel, can look and adorned in many different ways, but it is important, at it always has 613 lashes. There are as many number of laws that God has given.

Why do it at all?

Jews regard themselves as the chosen people of God and therefore must follow the rules that God has given them.

How long has Judaism been around?

Judaism is the oldest monotheistic religion. It is more than 3000 years old.

Where designed Jewry?

In Tenak, the sacred texts, it is described how God chose a man called Abraham to be the father of a great nation, and it was the Jews. Abraham is an important figure in Judaism because he is the Jewish people's ancestor and founder. Abraham received a mission from God as was that he would emigrate from his native land of the Chaldeans to Canaan the same spot as the state of Israel is today. God promised Abraham that he and his family would live and reign in this country. Canaan thus became the chosen people new land where they could live in forever.

The rabbis - the Jewish leaders

A rabbi is a jew scholar who has studied the scriptures at special rabbinical schools. The rabbi is responsible for teaching in the congregation. It is often the rabbi who preaches when it is worship in the synagogue. The rabbi's duties are in addition to reading the sacred texts, to spread out the religious doctrine, be in charge of the pastoral care of the congregation, and make decisions in religious matters.

Synagogue

Every day reading the Jews morning, afternoon and evening prayers in the synagogue. You add a prayer on the morning worship service at the Sabbath and holidays.

The synagogue is the Jewish place of worship, where they pray and read from the scriptures where one can have church service. But it should also be to study and discuss the sacred texts. And finally, it will also be a place where people can meet and have fun together.

Many Jews pray at home too, before they go to bed or when they sat down at the table to start eating.

Different symbols and what they stand for:

The Star of David is a star with six pillows that have been used by many different cultures. It became already in the 1300s in Prague. Star of David symbolizes Judaism.

Israel's flag is a symbol of Israel, the land that the Jews did in 1948 after the Second World War, and which this year celebrates its 60th birthday. The flag consists of two blue bars bottom and top and the Star of David in the middle between the two fields.

Bönemanteln often look like an Israeli flag. The two blue fields in both flag bönemanteln symbolizing the Tigris and Euphrates (rivers in Syria = right side) and Nile (river of Egypt = left). Star of David in the middle of the mantle means "everything in between is our" (the Bible). Usually there is a blue thread woven into the middle of the white of the mantle. It will remind you that it is best to ask in the morning, just when the light comes and you can separate the blue from the white.

Menorah is a seven branched candlestick and Israel's official emblem. As jew symbol is much older than the Star of David.

There is also an Octopus candlestick symbolizing the miracle that occurred at the temple dedication, in 164 BCE The little pitcher they had oil to light the menoranen enough really just a day, but curiously enough the whole eight days. It is, therefore, the candlestick is called as it is called.

Matzo is unleavened (unfermented) bread that symbolizes the bread that they baked stressed when you marched out of Egypt.

Kippa symbolizes the hand of God over man and fastened on top of the head if you are male Jew and go to the synagogue. There is also a part having kippa on outside synagogue throughout.

Kippa shows how one is how kippa looks. A crocheted kippah shows that it is reformist, a black means that you are Orthodox, and a gloss that is liberal.

Circumcision is a sign that a jew boy has come up in the covenant God made with Abraham. Circumcision should be made on the boy's eighth life days, and what happens is that the foreskin of the boy's penis cut off and there is a professional circumciser, usually a doctor who does this. When the boy circumcised, he is also its name.

However circumcision (mutilation) girls did not, but instead they can be part of a special blessing worship when they get their name.

Interview Annika Berggren I have chosen to interview a Jewess who is 13 years old and my family feel and I've asked a few questions to her and she answered by talking about himself, his family and Judaism:
Tell us briefly about your family: I have a brother who is 17. My mother is American and Jewish, why are we children also Jewish and my father is Swedish and Christian, but he participates fully in all the Jewish holidays with us.
Which schools have you gone on and was going now? I have gone on Käppala and Hillel School is a totally jew school. Now I go in the Jewish line at Vasa Real.
Which rituals of Judaism is part of your everyday life? I'm not a particularly religious Jew. I go to the synagogue on the major feasts, which is about 2 times. a year and we celebrate Shabbat every Friday night. What a solemn matter most to you and how do you celebrate? It is enough Shabat that mean the most to me. I think it's nice that the family gathers before we eat dinner and then we read the prayers in Hebrew when we: light the candles, when we drink a bit of wine and when we cut the Challan (a braided bread). Are there things in Judaism that you find difficult to understand, for example, to learn to read Hebrew or another? In school, I read both Hebrew and Judaism as two different subjects. It went pretty fast to learn to read Hebrew and understand the grammar, but I still quite difficult to understand the language. JS (Jewish Studies) as talk and we read mostly about various wars and important persons in our history. Is there anything you miss from the Christian faith, for example, traditional celebration of Christmas? If not, how do you celebrate Christmas? No, I do not celebrate Christmas, but Hanukkah falls around the same time as Christmas and we celebrate it. There are two Jews, Christians and young people who do not believe in anything among your friends? And has it ever caused problems for you? It has never caused problems for me, but everyone in my class are the Jews and if you say that, for example do not believe that people walked around in the desert for 40 years, so can those who are super religious getting a little sour. What is the best thing you carry with you further in life of Judaism? I do not know it just yet because I'm young, but it's probably traditions. I love when collecting their friends and relatives and just talk and sing some Hebrew and eat all the foods that belong to the various feasts. Tell us about your Bat-Mitzvah:
I took my Bat-Mitzvah when I was 12 years old. I prepared a year before my bat mitzvah. My teacher gave me a paper with a long text, which was my haftara (a passage from one of the five books of Moses). My Haftara named Ki Tahvo and the text I received a CD, so that I could learn the melody. I took my Bat-Mitzvah in the synagogue along with two other kids, though we sang different things. When I sang the Torah, I had a kippah (a kind of circular pieces of fabric that have been on huvdet) and a tallit (a kind of wrap that is specially made). After the synagogue, as we had in the evening a big party with all our friends and relatives who could come. We had ca. 200 guests. We had some Israeli dancing, a couple of speeches and other similar. It was fun but it was obviously a great relief when it was all over!
Have you ever visited Israel and in the given case, when and how was it? Or are you going to visit Israel? I have never been to Israel, but in my school, so always go 8s on an Israel trip for 5 weeks. The I will go on.

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