Alva Myrdal (1902-1986)
Little short of Alva is that she was born in Uppsala on January 31, 1902. She was the oldest of three children.
But Alva was not quite like other daughters, but she wanted to educate themselves and not just live at home and take care of the children.
So when Alva met Gunnar she chose to move with him to Stockholm.
She began studying at the university and became a Bachelor of Arts in 1924, the same year that she and Gunnar got married.
Three years later, so was born the son Jan.
Alva and Gunnar wanted to live in what was then known as Comrade marriage, therefore, that his wife would not be tied to the home, which at that time was perceived as extremely threatening.
Alva was the social democratic view of human beings is crucial.
She was convinced that man had the resources, if we only had to develop them in freedom.
Alva did not see man as only the man but the man and woman. She believed that "the feminine" was a complement to the "male", so she had no thoughts about changing the male worldview just as long as it be democratic and with social conscience. But she wanted to improve the quality of a female worldview.
With this in mind, she began to take an interest in issues of the individual in society.
She began to study social psychology, social work and sociology. But she was not looking for an academic career, but just want reform of society.
Alva and Gunnar wrote both of their first book together called "Crisis in the population question".
It came out in 1934 and struck like a bomb in the Swedish debate.
The message of the book was that Sweden needed more children and that they should get better terms.
Why this brought debates when? Well for that was suspiciously like what Hitler preached in Germany, he wanted namely that the women would have many children he planned the war and needed soldiers. But Sweden deemed this idea for it was an over socialist thought.
Although she had two children she managed a huge workload;
- Secretary of the Committee on the married woman's employment
- Chairman of the Professional Women's Federation
- Rector of the socio-educational seminar.
Everywhere she appeared for her studies for a better society for children and women, especially mothers. Alva thought it was the right of children to have play and thought therefore that the dwellings would be airier and bigger. So she had a collaboration with HSB's architects and published the book "real toys." She felt that encouragement and moderate demands would replace the old forced and obedience school.
She therefore considered that it was not enough to make the conditions better for the adults, it was as much about ensuring that children were allowed to grow freely. One should not stifle their thirst for knowledge or hinder their development with stupid demands obedience. One should not punish their autonomy by giving them a beating, which at this time was considered to be a good parent duty.
Alva suggested that the men would have a shorter working day in order to spend more time with his family and especially the children.
In 1944, she highlighted the idea of "sextimmarsdag," meaning that they would be working sextimmar per day. At this time they worked even on Saturdays, so it was many hours they were from home.
With this idea it would men (and women) have time to work and take care of the children, society and politics.
Alva wrote with another writer "the woman two roles," The conclusion was that it was okay to child when children are small to be so close to their children as possible.
Although it was okay so asked Alva why a girl would plan their future if she would still be at home and care for children in maybe 15 years, and put down all studies for this.
In the late 40s, she had not yet received a proper job.
But eventually she got her first job as head of the UN's social department in New York.
After a few years, she became the leader of the UNESCO (United Nations agencies on Economic, Cultural and Social Affairs in Paris.
With that, she began to take an interest in the developing countries' situation and their relationship to the rich world. She started writing lots of articles on the subject, she felt that not only was enough to raise their economic standards but also that it was followed by education, democratization and social policy.
Alva had new thoughts, her ideas required the thought of a new way to be dared to go against the current.
She never took up the difficulties were, nor what resistance she encountered, this is just to get audience with him.
Alva was a difficult person to identify with, her reluctance to appeal personally, her unsentimental sometimes hyliga language which created a distance between her and the listener.
But there are not many Swedish women who become internationally known and recognized, but Alva Myrdal is one of them.
November 1907 gave birth to Samuel August Ericsson and his wife Hanna a daughter.
The farm where they lived was called - and is still called - NAS, and was just near a small town in Småland, called Vimmerby. She had three siblings so in the end, the four siblings, so a fairly large family where there.
Astrid moved to Stockholm to study to become a secretary, where she married well.
She got as a young man told she would be a writer when she grew older, but she dared not really trying.
But her daughter became ill and her daughter wanted to hear a new story every night, Astrid asked what she would tell me about when her daughter says "tell me about Pippi Longstocking".
So where did her imagination to run wild.
But how it came about that Pippi where a book was really a gift for his daughter, but Astrid decided to send a copy to a publisher.
But before she received an answer from the publisher, she had already had time to write another book, because she noticed how fun it actually is was.
But when Astrid wrote "Britt-Mari Lightens her Heart" and sent it to Raben & Sjogren publishers, so she got the second prize in the contest.
Happier, she had never been even when she got the news a late autumn evening in 1944.
Next year, 1945, had the same publishing a competition for children's books. There she sent when the Pippi manuscript, somewhat revised condition and this time she won first prize.
Since it rolled on. Pippi became a success, although there were those who were shocked at the book and thought now would any child would behave like Pippi.
There are many who ask about Astrid actually mean something with their books and the information I have found so her answer was that she did not mean anything special, either Pippi or any other book.
She wrote to amuse the child in himself and can only hope that in this way also other children can have some fun.
There were many who wondered why she wrote other books, such as how it was to be skillsmässobarn for people to open their eyes to it.
But it was so that all environments and moods in the books is what she knows, and she has the right in that it is difficult to write about something you know nothing about.
But it is clear that one can wish to achieve something with the books though you are not directly looking for it, and Astrid desire was to achieve a more humane, life-friendly and democratic ethos of those who read the books.
Like no other Swedish writer Astrid Lindgren touched and influenced an entire people.
Her way of writing about both pranks and follies that grief has made her loved by old and young throughout the world.
Generation after generation has grown up with her stories. The quirky tales have fueled child's imagination and the figures have become role models.
Some books she wrote Pippi Longstocking, Emil, The Brothers Lionheart and Mio my mio. Her books accommodates catching fun nonsense and prank.
The environments in the books resurrected from the Småland homeland and her place of residence Stockholm is redesigned into pure fantasy environments.
In recent years, prices have rained down over Astrid Lindgren, Swedish and international, but the finest literature prize, the Nobel Prize, she was never to everyone's chagrin.
Astrid Lindgren defended much about their anonymity, but on some occasions she gave into the public debate, which always was rewritten.
Once the new marginal taxes, which came in 1976, had the effect of artists and writers could be forced to pay more tax than they earned was the measure of Astrid Lindgren's benevolence heaped.
With the fairytale "pomperipossa in monismania" went Astrid Lindgren in klinch with a finance minister. The government responded to her first derisive terms, but had then noted that Astrid Lindgren power as opinion leaders was very great. With his humorous tale, she pointed to inconsistencies which the government later had to correct.
Astrid Lindgren was also a strong advocate of animal rights. She was concerned that the animals were deprived of their names and peculiarities, and became production units. Astrid wrote a separate article on the subject and the article got the typical heading "Cows and pastures need each other."
I can see the similarities of both of these women in many ways.
One similarity is obvious that both the author and written a number of books.
But then it's also how they decided to write books, which Alva wrote usually more documentary books while Astrid wrote fairy tales. But the contents are similar in the sense that it is about getting the kids to feel better, albeit in different ways.
As Alva pulled forward views on how to change society for children would, and even the adults while Astrid tried to get the children to create as much imagination as possible, but also tried to get the community to get a better människovänllig and life-friendly environment.
Both of these women have in different ways affected families, people, child, etc. through their books and action (though most valid Alva).
They also said the society by writing books that it got people to read, to create debates so people would think about how it really was in the community. They simply said from on high taxes, for example.
But why I fell for these women is probably best that Astrid is unforgettable person for her tales will always live on, because there are so many who have grown up with them and will give these tales to his grandchildren.
Alva knew first I did not know who it was, but when I started reading about her, I realized how much she means way done with society for the future. Her opinions did not hit through when she was alive, but now I can see how her views have emerged in the community and then I suppose people have been influenced by her and put forward their opinion. So I would say that both still lives in different ways, but they have used the same means to get people to listen to them and be ihågkommna on.