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Ludwig van Beethoven (16 December 1770, Bonn, 26 March 1827, Vienna)

"Pay attention to him, he will get his name known." This was Mozarz opinion when he heard Beethoven improvise for him in Vienna, years in 1786. Beethoven was at that time only 14 years.

Beethoven was born in the provincial city of Bonn in Germany, probably December 16, 1770. He belonged to a Flemish and rather poor family where both his grandfather Ludwig and his father, Johann, was employed at the court as bassångare and tenor singer. When Beethoven early showed exceptional musical talent, his father came up with the idea to drive him to a prodigy after Mozart pattern. In this way the son could get the money that's well needed. As early as four years old his father began teaching him in violin and piano, but this teaching was very irregular. His great talent was such that he was already at age 12 became assistant to the organist Christian Gottlob Neefe, who he also studied. It was also during Neefes guidance that Beethoven wrote his first compositions, which in 1783 published his first published compositions.

1786 was sent Beethoven to Vienna, where he had the opportunity to improvise before Mozart, but his mother was poor and he had to almost immediately return to Bonn. She died a few months later. 1789 asked Beethoven to his alcoholic father would be retired and this meant that he had to take responsibility for his younger brothers Carl and Johann. Beethoven left Bonn for Vienna for a second time in November 1792 to study with Franz Josef Haydn.


1794 French forces occupied the Rhineland and this meant that Beethoven's connection and support with Bonn ceased. His father had died a month after his departure to Vienna and in 1795 came his two brothers to Vienna to join him. Beethoven stayed the rest of his life in Vienna. The few times he left town was for an extended summer vacation and in his younger days for some occasional concerts in nearby towns. His only long-distance trip was to Prague, Dresden and Berlin in 1796.

Beethoven never had a permanent job in Vienna. He supported himself by giving concerts as a piano teacher and through sales of his compositions. Members of the aristocracy in Vienna was his steady patron and 1809 guaranteed three of them that he would receive an annual income; on one condition which was that he would always stay in Vienna.

Beethoven's "DISEASE"

The last 30 years of Beethoven's life was the period when he got several personal crises where the first attack was his deafness. Even before he turned 30, ie before the year 1800, he noticed to his horror, that he was becoming deaf. At first, he did everything to keep it a secret. He tried to persuade himself that it was just a passing illness. But in 1801 he realized that he had to give up all hope of improvement. In a letter to a friend he mentions it for the first time and later in a document, known as the Heiligenstadt Testament, which is written as both a letter and a will addressed to his brothers. Finally he decided to take the "bull by the horns" and broke through its crisis through a series of triumphant music works and this was the beginning of a new period in his stylistic development. But already in 1808 had deafness reached such a high stage that he almost could not hold a conversation. Six years later, he had to finish by performing as a pianist and he now could not hear what people called out to him. He had to use a paper notebook in which you had to write down the answers to his questions and other conversations with him.

Beethoven PRIVACY

Another major crisis that Beethoven went through was when his relationship with an unnamed lady (probably Bettina Brentano, a good friend's wife) ran out. For her, it has emerged that he probably wrote a series of love letters that had the caption "To the immortal beloved" (the mysterious with these letters is that you really do not really know for sure who they are addressed to, nor do we know when the letters are , written). This was probably the most serious relationship he ever had with a woman. This break led to a long period of self-pity and then he put music work aside. Beethoven was all his life a lonely man and became over the years increasingly hardcover. He was easy to fall for women but not a single relationship lasted as far as the marriage.

Beethoven lived so completely in his own world, he constantly looked at what was happening around him, like something extraneous. But on the other hand, Beethoven was fascinated by the contemporary current affairs, especially political developments. He was also very passionate by nature and could walk around in the woods for several hours.

During his last years did Beethoven endured many troubles for her nephew Charles whom he wanted to adopt after his brother's death in 1815. It took five years for the adoption to go through. Beethoven was hoping that this would give him the family life but in 1826 did Karl attempted suicide, and when Beethoven learned of this, he lost all sense of purpose in their actions. Shortly thereafter became Beethoven had pneumonia, but towards the end of January 1827 came round he but the improvement did not last. On March 24, the morning he received his friends for one last time to see them. When the ceremony was over, Beethoven struck out with his hand and said, "Applaud, friends, the comedy is over, this was his last conscious words. The funeral took place on 29 March. Viennese school children got off and 20 000 people followed the champion to rest.

Beethoven's music

Beethoven is on the border between classicism and romanticism. As a composer, he initially classics, but as a human being and personality, he is a romantic. His musical life is divided into three periods, early, middle and late.

The Early This period lasted until 1802, showed a great skill of the classical style of Haydn and Mozart. He wrote mostly music for piano and chamber music including his first and second symphonies and his 1st sexsträngskvartett, a ballet and a orotaria.

The middle at the end of year 1803 begins between the period and this lasted until 1812. Due to his deafness became the music during this period very dramatic. It said, among other things that his music was no longer a pleasure, the piano was not tuned to the virtuosity he previously had not remained. His musical work during this time included the 4-6 th symphony, a piano concerto, a violin concerto, a pianortio ...

The late The last period extends from 1813 to 1826. The music became less dramatic and more introverted and in 1822 asked people him to stop routing to the inter alia thought his baton posed a mess everywhere and that his lively movements interfered with his own orchestra. When Beethoven heard these opinions, he became very sad scene and never more as a conductor. During this period he composed including piano sonata, two sonatas for cello and piano, 7-9 th Symphony, ...

Beethoven's music has never lost its central place in our music history. Many of his works were later influenced other composers such as Schubert. He was a genius who created wonderful music but at the same time he was a regular and very human human being. Beethoven composed a huge number of musical works in the form of opera, incidental music, orchestral, vocal works, songs and chamber music.

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2 Responses to "LUDWIG van BEETHOVEN"

  1. Anna Andersson on March 16, 2009 at 3:50 pm #

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  2. Sven on November 17, 2011 at 8:19 ​​pm #

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