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Music - Piano

Topic: Music
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Music beautify our world and delighted millions of people. It is one of the largest art and entertainment forms. It is a form of artistic, emotional and cultural expression.

Since 1916, the word music existed in the Swedish language. It comes from the Latin musica which in turn is derived from the Greek mousik. The Greek word refers back to the goddess Musa was considered to protect poetry, music, art and science.

Music is a variety of superior tones of different height and sound for a certain time, usually combined with small breaks. There have been questions about what may be called for music and this has changed many times, but have concluded that it is organized sound that can be called music.

Various forms of music

You can produce music by singing and / or playing an instrument. This can be done by a person or persons. Music with instruments called instrumental music and music with just a song called 'choir. You can also share your music into different groups for which the instrument is played eg, string quartet (cello, two violins and viola), rock band (drums, bass guitar, synthesizer and vocals) and solo (usually guitar and vocals).

Saving Music

Besides performing music to an audience, you can store or distribute it on the radio, on records or data files.

Vinyl discs, made of vinyl plastic replaced the older and more fragile "stone cookies" and had his breakthrough in the 1950s. 1990 were no longer competitive those of the CD (Compact Disc). Now even the CDs become obsolete and are replaced by MP3s and the iPod's that can play digital audio files.


Musical skill may be divided into:
• Technology
• Utryckningen
• Interpretation
• Ear
• Rhythm Sense

Some have the ability to perceive music with such understanding that they can then portray what they heard. This is called Ear or sometimes "musical ear". There is absolute pitch and relative pitch. Relative pitch is quite common while absolute pitch occurs in a small number (approximately 1 in 10,000). By gehöret we have been able to pass on the music.

It is common that many children learn music fundamentals of their parents. In today's schools is the topic music mandatory. You then including learn to sing together, a little about how to play some instruments, music history, music, etc.
In addition, many young people own music lessons at a music or arts. In high school, there are also special music directions.


They are those who live only on music, but most professional musicians have to combine it with at least one other way to support themselves. The most common is that it works as a music teacher. There are several private and public institutions that can provide musicians permanent employment: churches, concert halls, opera houses, theaters and universities. As a musician, you can focus on singing, special instruments, composing or educational work.

Musical Instruments

The musical instruments are usually divided in these families:
• Percussion Instruments: drums, xylophone, marimba, timpani, etc.
• Wind instruments: clarinet, oboe, bassoon, trombone, trumpet, French horn, tuba and flutes. This group includes also the organ and accordion.
• String instruments: piano, harp, guitar, lute, banjo, fiddle, violin, cello, double bass, double bass, etc.
• Electronic instruments such as synth


In almost 300 hundred years the piano was the main instrument for musicians and composers. The word piano is from Italy Redoubt piano and forte, which means weak and strong. In Italy they say is still "pianoforte," but in Sweden is now only the shorter form.

Piano evolved from the harpsichord is a keyboard instrument. The harpsichord was an instrument that was in large lounges or public places where there was no organ. It was most popular in 1600 -1750. One strum the strings to get a sound similar to the lute.


In 1709 constructs the Italian harpsichord builder Bartolomeo Cristofori's first piano (percussion piano), where a leather-covered hammers hit the string. It could affect the pitch is by hitting various hard key, something that could not be on the harpsichord. You could also play soft or hard. Therefore he called his instrument of gravicembalo col piano e forte which means something like harpsichord with both strong and weak tone.

These pianos were light and did not give away so much noise, but the 1770s saw the development of a new mechanism in which the hammers hit the strings much stronger and it became more sound.

During the first half of the 1700s used rarely piano as a solo instrument. Instead, it had a more accompanying role in an orchestra. But keyboard music's status was raised by composers and pianists accomplished great work with just piano. The interest of piano performers for private use took off in the early 1800s. Before the gramophone came it was an instrument that some had in their living room. The people gathered then around the piano for a song moment together. During the last 150 years the piano has been one of the most popular heminstrumenten.

Tones and notes

The keyboard is divided into white and black keys. The blacks are divided into groups of two and three and in between are the whites. On an ordinary piano, there are 88 keys. The Western tone system deleted from strain seven tones, A, B, C, D, E, F and G. The note "B" is also called "H". This is called an octave. Octave word comes from the Latin Octava which means "eighth" because there are eight notes in an octave, C to C.
To find the tone "D" I have learned a chant: "Between double to Find D". Ie between two black keys can be found stem tone "D". From there it is then very easy to figure out where the other of notes.

Notes used to write down notes. The purpose of it is to be able to preserve a song and the one that will play need not have heard the piece before to understand. Notation is a group of staves. Where you mark since tones with circles, either in a row or in the space between the two lines. The circles can each hollow or filled out and hang with a note stem and one or more flags. It is this that determines the note's rhythmic value, ie how long it should subside.

An octave

A piano usually has 52 white and 36 black keys, or just over seven octaves.
In the past, made the piano keys of the hard, white material ivory that came from animals graze. This led to the elephants were dying out because of poachers. So in 1989 they banned all trade in ivory.

Different types of pianos

Piano is a collective name for all musical instruments with keyboards (piano, organ, harpsichord etc. and electric pianos). It is also linked to the word "accordion" (accordion).


See above in the previous text.


Grand piano comes from the German word Wing "wing". The difference between the piano and the piano is a piano stands strings up (vertically) and a grand piano is the bottom (horizontal). Although the mechanics of a wing is down and this makes the hammer easily fall back of its own weight and the Facility may be a more sensitive and lättnyanserad tonnes. The wing is also very tonstarkare and has more sound, since it has a large soundboard. Therefore, choose rather a grand piano as a concert instrument. A modern wing usually has 88 keys (7 and 1/3 octaves) and weighs 300-600 kg. Steinway and Bechstein are examples of famous wings.


Also called psalm positive. It was constructed with a rolling pin like the one found in a music box which plugs into roller affects a number of blanket clubs that set the tone on a string. With a crank can rotate the drum and pushing it sideways to be able to play different melodies. It is the same technology as in a street piano though you built it into the various forms of the table. It is also called Småland harp because most were manufactured in Nässja and Näshult the 1880s until the factory burned down in 1929. Used by schools and churches if one himself could not play the piano. Disappeared in the 1920s when the record player came.


Common name is sighted. Synth is an instrument through the analog or digital sound synthesis is able to create a variety of sounds. It is often used to mimic the acoustic instrument, or other sounds, but also provides the ability to create entirely new sounds. It is widely used in the creation of electronic music and has a traditional keyboard. Some famous synthesizer manufacturers include: Yamaha, Roland and Casio.

Nail Piano

Also called "honky-tonk piano" and is a type of piano where instead of felted hammers is installed metal pin. They were common in the saloons in the USA on the "Wild West time". The piano will receive a special vibrating sound.

Spinet and Virginal

Spinetten and virginal were common during the 1500s and 1600s. They are enmanualiga keyboard instruments where the keyboard is placed on the resonance box's long side. They both have the same voice production as harpsichord.



You could call it the precursor to the Jukebox because it was a self-playing piano. It was used as an entertainer in cafés, pubs, entertainment venues and had a coin where one had to pay to listen to a
melody. It was also used as props in the western movies. The first player piano with paper data bearer came in 1895 in Detroit.


The first elpianot were manufactured in the 1930s. When you press a key, you activate a hammer which in turn strikes a rod whose vibrations are converted into an electrical signal. After the electric signal is taken up by an amplifier, then processed to the sound of a speaker. Just like on an electric guitar, you can change the timbre by various effects like echo, sweeping stereo effects, different room sounds, etc. The most famous manufacturers today are: Yamaha, Fender and Hohner.

How does a piano?

Piano strings are placed over an iron frame closely spaced in pairs or groups. When you press a piano key moves more levers inside the instrument. A so-called player makes a felt covered hammer is struck against the string and the string starts to vibrate. The strings are made of metal wire. The long and thick bass strings gives low tones. The short and thin giving high notes. When the string vibrates, the air in sympathetic vibration and sound is amplified by the sound box. When you release the key, the damper goes down the key and the string will stop vibrating and the sound is "dead". A typewriter comprises a similar construction in which the lever arms lifts the different typarmar which then hits the ribbon. Most pianos have two pedals. The left is called the damper pedal and gives the music a weaker tone. The right to be called Fort pedal and allows the tones continue to sound even when you release the key, to the damper when held up all the time. On the portion pianos, mostly grand pianos, there is also a third pedal in the middle. This just lift the dams of the strings just strum and provide a sustained tone.
1. Key 6. collectors
2. Hävled 7. SORDINO
3. Players 8. String
4. Hammarnöt 9. Dämmarlyftarstång
5. Hammers

1. The soundboard 5. Mechanics
2. Step 6. Stämnagler
3. Treble Strings 7. Keyboard.
4. Bass 8

Piano Tuning

No matter how often you play, or what quality instrument should sue it at least once every year to keep it stable. Does it not so often it becomes faster out of tune. The reason it may become out of tune due to two things. One reason is that often strikes hard against the strings and they can then be turned from its proper position. Otherwise, it may be due to the climate and the environment. When does a piano, turn the screws so-called vocal nails. These sit on the vocal logs that are made of first class beech. Tuning stock is finally glued to the piano's frame where the strings are stretched. By turning these screws in various modes to get different tones. The principle is the same as a guitar but much more advanced.
To train as a piano tuner required four years of college education.
SPTF is an association for piano technician who has been around for 75 years and has approx 110 members.

Some simple care instructions and tips for a piano:

• A piano is mostly built of living material and thrive in a stable indoor climate with constant temperature and humidity. Place therefore not under a window, above a radiator or in direct sunlight as this will affect the wood. Set it next to an exterior wall will lose distance is 10 cm to the piano.
• The piano should be tuned at least once every year.
• It is important to look over the mechanics as it is affected by climate and wear and then does that tone deteriorates.
• One should not vacuum cleaning inside the piano without asking instead someone knowledgeable help. However, you can wipe the keys with a slightly damp cloth.
• If you have a piano, one should be careful with clipping Sheet with a paper clip, the risk is great that it falls down into the mechanics and get stuck there. This can lead to a tone becomes quite quiet.


Interview with School of the Arts

Per Nemback has previously been a teacher at the music school in Nybro. I asked him some questions to find out a bit more!

Of the 600 hundred students attending the School of the Arts plays 500 pieces (approx 80%) of an instrument. This proves how popular will is to learn to play. The students are aged 7-19 years, but there are also a small number of adult learners. The preferred instrument is without doubt the guitar, both acoustic and electric guitar. Then comes the piano / keyboard and then percussion and vocals. Asked if he believes that it is important that children learn to play, he answers, of course YES! The reasons are that it is an enjoyable hobby that you have the use of life, practicing their coordination and concentration, joy and fellowship with other music lovers by example forming band or be in the orchestra. Being a teacher at the School of the Arts has both advantages and disadvantages. It's fun with the variety of the job that you are working with so many different people. Moreover, during the show, most of the teachers in more than one instrument. However, it's less fun when students have short lessons and you barely have time to begin until it is time for the next to enter. It is not so appreciated by the teachers when students have many other interests in addition to gambling and do not have time to practice their homework. Otherwise thrive both students and teachers at the School of the Arts.

A little history 

The little girl sat at home and practiced hard on her piano when the doorbell rings.
- Good day, it is the piano tuner.
- But we have not ordered any piano tuning.
- No, but it has made the neighbors.


Own words and thoughts

Since I was really little, I have sung and played. I've always liked music. I sang for years in running the church and then started to play the piano with my choirmaster. I thought it was fun and I learned a lot. Unfortunately I had to quit because of other hobbies. Although I stopped taking lessons, I play now often at home. When you come home from a stressful day at school and are tired, it is nice to sit at the piano or with a guitar and just play. It is very relaxing, cozy and you have time to calm down before dealing with homework and other work. When I sit on the bus or somewhere else, waiting, I usually listen to my Mp3 to disconnect everything around me.

We always sounds around us, buzzing, beeping, pounding, talk, breath ...
It's never really quiet. Only in a room without air, it could be really quiet. Have you thought about how nice it is when it's really silent? You become so calm.

Music is important in different settings to create different moods. An example of this is in the shops. In ex. clothing stores are always happy and poppy music. You hear your favorite song, it is likely that you feel: this is a good deal and this sweater look good, that I buy! At fast food chains, it is usually fast music that makes you easy stress in your food, while at a fine restaurant is calm and pleasant music that wants you to sit there and eat a lot of food. Another good example is in the movies. You can almost always be told in advance that there will soon be nothing scary because music is eerie, and then it becomes too much scarier.

When you listen to music or play an instrument, you never feel guilty that you damage nature and the environment. The instruments emit's not just any toxic gases that increase the greenhouse effect or the like. However, it can be harmful to you if you listen to headphones at high volume level or at a disco with loud music. Unfortunately, this leads often to hearing damage as tinnitus or hearing loss.

It does not matter if you are a boy or a girl, young or old, amateur or pro, headbanger or schlagerenthusiasts, for there is music for everyone. There are so many different styles of music: pop, reggae, punk, rock, classical, pop ...
I myself am an omnivore who listen to the most. However, I prefer some music depending on how I feel.

I believe the use and need for music will always be in the future because it has a great significance in our lives and it is worldwide. It makes people happy and embellish everyday life. Is there something I really would not want to live without, it's the music.
Sara Wahlberg

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One Response to "Music - Piano"

  1. Amilia on May 4, 2010 at 7:13 pm #

    I got good information! Thanks! but something is wrong in the text, but it does not matter so much !! ;)

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