Claudio Monteverdi lived during the late Renaissance and early Baroque.
He was born August 15, 1567 in Cremona, Italy, and died November 29, 1643 in Venice.
He is seen as one of the greatest Baroque composer, and but says it is he who invented the opera.
Even as a 15-year-old Monteverdi gave out three motets. Then he gave out a madrigalbok and a collection Canzonetta. After that he wrote a book with five madrigals.
1589 he went to Milan to find work but he could not find anything. He wrote another book of madrigals, which they believe earned him an appointment as a street musician and singer with the Duke of Mantua. He wrote a third madrigalbok and became one of the foremost composers.
Claudio Monteverdi get married and have three children. When he was thirty, he became conductor of Mantua. He was now the foremost composer and wrote much music, for example. for intermezzi and ballets. After eleven years since the last books he published his fourth and within two years of his fifth book of madrigals.
The fifth was highly criticized for having a b c Meeting, which was a very daring decision. They had very different opinions on what was a good sound. But after that book gave Giulio Cesare out Scherzi musicali, which made people more confident that Claudio Monteverdi was right and looked at Claudio Monteverdi's works in a different way and he was seen as a leader in the music.
But still there were people who would not ever like his music. Claudio Verdi expelled from their lessons to young composers as late as the 1800s.
Year 1607 was the year when Orfeo for the first time played. Orfeo was Claudio Monteverdi's opera that was to influence the music very much. It was the first opera of time. Sure, there had been other similar pieces of music, but association was Claudio Monteverdi's Orfeo.
He received the title of opera's father and even though he wrote many fine madrigals and was very important for the new style of church music, there will always be the opera he is best known for.
His second opera was one of the most famous Baroque works. It was named Arianna. Arianna and Il ballo delle ingrate was written when Monteverdi's wife became ill and six months after that Arianna had been published she died.
Monteverdi became very depressed during the following years and tried to get away from work in Mantua. The court in Mantua always want more music, but he did not get much money for it. Monteverdi struggled very hard and thrived in the end not at all anymore.
He continued to work and wrote a collection of sacred music dedicated to Pope Paul V. He went to Venice and Rome in the hope of finding someone who wanted to hire him. Claudio did not find a job and he was conductor in Mantua until he was fired in 1612 by the new duke.
He was without a job until he was offered to become a conductor and cantor in a chapel in Venice. There, he worked in the remaining thirty-five years of his life. There he would include reorganizing the choir, to hire new people as needed and hire people who could write music instead of his own on occasions. There, he becomes very popular and many other composers, including Heinrich Schütz came to see Claudio in order to learn from him.
Even when he wrote church music so he was re-known for his own style when he broke all traditions Andvari much of the diminished fifth, which gave his music a very unique sound.
In Mantua, they had meanwhile got another new duke who liked Monteverdi's music and incidental music commissioned by him. Among other things, a ballet which is also in his seventh madrigalbok. There were also a few duets with abc-sue.
A few years later Monteverdi wrote a major opera called La Pazza Licori feint. He also wrote some music for intermezzi to a duke's wedding and also published a collection Scherzi musicali. Approximately when he was ordained a priest also.
During his last five years said Claudio Monteverdi much music. He wrote an eighth madrigalbok which contained some works from his time in Mantua. After that, he also wrote full-length operas for theaters in Venice, which had just opened. They were Le Nozze d'Enea con Laviniaa, Il Ritorno d'Ulisse in patria and L'incoronazione di Poppea, and a ballet called La Vittoria d'amore. Claudio Monteverdi died in 1643 and was buried in Frarikyrkan, in Venice.
Claudio Monteverdi wrote music in many different musical styles. He wrote church music, but also Mariavespern, music to the masses, hymns, at least four operas, madrigal collections for choirs, 25 scherzi and ten Canzonetta.
L'incoronazione di Poppea
Ottone - Baritone
Poppea - Mezzo-soprano
Emperor Nerone - Tenor or Mezzo-soprano
Arnalta, Poppea nurse - Tenor
Empress Ottavia - Mezzo-soprano
Seneca - Bass
Drusilla - Soprano
Claudio Monteverdi wrote the opera as Orfeo, Arianna and L'incoronazione di Poppea.
L'incoronazione di Poppea is Monteverdi's last opera and it shows his maturity in comparison to his other works.
L'incoronazione di Poppea does Poppea's coronation and is all about, when Poppea becoming empress of Rome. The opera begins with Ottone come to Poppea house and is met there by Norones guards and go away in despair. His lover Poppea has left him for the emperor Nerone Nerone and has left his first wife Ottavia in Poppea.
Nerone promises Poppea that she will have to become empress. Seneca, who is Nerone teacher tries to persuade Nerone that it is wrong and Poppea are just looking for power, and that she no longer loves him. Nerone become sour and give Seneca orders to commit suicide. Seneca takes suicide and Nerone is overjoyed at his death and Poppea beauty.
Ottavia tells Ottone kill Poppea. He dresses himself, with Drusilla coat that he has borrowed, to go and kill Poppea. His love that he still has for her, stop him from killing her. Drusilla who try to protect Ottone, recognizes and is arrested for the Cup. Ottone who hears it will go to Nerone and tell the truth. Nerone kills no one, but they will be banned from the country. Nerone also punishes Ottavia because she was behind it and now when she is brushing Nerone decides to make Poppea for his bride. Nerone offers Poppea throne. Poppea crowned thereby empress.
The piece Lasciatemi morire is from Arianna, about 1608th The time was Monteverdi very depressed because he was unhappy at his job his wife had recently passed away. Many believe that it belongs among them ten best of all the madrigals. Without that I understand a word of what they say you can still feel a real sadness come through the notes. The only thing I know about text is that he writes "Oh, I would be among the dead." The various parts fit well together and there is a kind of overlap throughout the song. It comes in fifth madrigal book. The are also many other sad lyrics.
The song L'incoronazione di Poppea Monteverdi skewed at the end of his life. It starts a little sad, but still far from the sadness one experiences in Lasciatemi morire but suddenly change the style quite a bit into the song and then switch between these two little halvsorgsna and happy pieces. It is almost the same throughout the song, until it becomes a toggle. They are doing so that you do not get tired too easily on it.
The difference between these two is enough sense of sadness and a little more popping Its call in Lasciatemi moirie. It may be that the Baroque Andvari to something called the continuo. Probably be reversed in both, but I think the sound comes out more in Lasciatemi moirire. At that time there was no piano, so you Andvari other instruments ex. harpsichord, organ, guitar, lute, harp, etc. that you do chords. That was what was called the continuo. I like his way of composing not changed that much.
The word baroque means in many languages, something bad.
Baroque was a reaction against the earlier era Renaissance.
Baroque was very grand, and you wanted to build big buildings.
Contrasts were very important, as the house where you wanted to get the shadow to be seen against the often white or bright facade.
Baroque period began with the Thirty Years War that broke out in Germany and Central Europe. It affected most major powers such as Germany, France and Italy. Italy warred's very much a while, and I guess everyone in the country have been affected in some way. Italy was Catholic, and that was the religion of war. The conflict between Protestants and Catholics who came from the West's renewal of the perception of religion was strong and the war was more or less for thirty years, hence the name.
The art and music
This painting is a classic painting of the Baroque era.
I think it looks happy in some way.
People who go to heaven, but scary that they are floating in thin air.
After a while one begins to think that it looks more sad.
It also looks as if the entire roof is not a heaven, but some are darker.
There are angels on the board, which I assume is a symbol for them to bring people to heaven.
I perceive the image as a pretty happy picture, but still very strong and thought provoking.
I'm still not entirely sure that everything is heaven.
It looks like nothing else in the middle.
It looks to be in the roof of a church or similar building. It was very religious in those days. All was religious then.
If one should compare Claudio Monteverdi's music with painting, I think the similarity is in the sad and perhaps alarming feeling in the painting, but I can find no obvious similarity. Claudio Monteverdi's music is not like painting especially typical Baroque style. Even if it was he who created some of the Baroque period, he had a very special style.
The difference with music and painting, I think most will arrive on the board has very soft features. Fluffy clouds, lots of color and the painting is full of life. Monteverdi's music is more specific and strict. The music is so clearly full of life, it is not boring, but not at all in the same way. The music is not so happily busy. It is more powerful and surprising.