I have chosen to work on the pyramids, because I think that the pyramids are interesting.
I want to know things about them such as
Who were the first to build the pyramids?
Built them just as grave building?
How to built a pyramid?
What was the biggest pyramid?
What are the most famous pyramids? The Egyptian pyramids are tombs that pharaohs built for himself, and to show how powerful they were.
The finer the gravesite, the more power and respect they produced.
The pyramid was a development of mastaba, which was a low, square grave building.
Them first pyramids were step pyramids which arose by mastabor stacked upon each other.
The construction began around 2640 BC by the pharaoh Djoser (Zoser) .Most pyramids are precisely oriented by the cardinal points.
So the first thing you did when a pyramid to be built, was to orient where it would be built.
Then were brought boulders which consisted mainly of limestone from nearby crimes, and sent them over the Nile River with boats, and then pulled them on sledges to the pyramid.
Up the pyramid drew about 20 to boulders, which was smeared with mud and water on logs and weighed between 1 to 15 tonnes.
They pulled them up on the ramps of earth, stone and sand, which was built on top as the pyramid was higher.
When they finished building took them off the ramps.
Another theory is that they built a spiral staircase flush with the sides of the pyramid.
But I think that the first theory is most correct for it is most about where I found my facts.
Around the pyramids then let courtiers and nobles build their own graves, which had mastabaform.
The construction was carried out when the Nile flooded and they could not farm the land. The builders were likely not slaves but peasants who many still believe. For why would the slaves write texts such as "Cheops creates love" and "Cheops white crown is strong" on some of the boulders in the Great Pyramid. The builders were proud to help its pharaoh to build his pyramid, and thus got them food and clothing which was precious in winter, when you do not got anything in agriculture. They also got garlic and radishes which was good for the stomach. Builders' occupations were stonemasons, surveyors, metalworkers, carpenters, sculptors, painters or different tougher occupations such as Dragging stones. The workplace was dangerous and it happened often accidents where workers squeezed and crushed to death under the rocks.
The first pyramid was built by the pharaoh Djoser builder Imhotep, who was an architect, astronomer, sculptors, doctor, priest and author.
The pyramid is a step pyramid that is 60 m high and consists of six ledges.
It was built in Saqqara year 2640 BC.
Around the pyramid built them a tomb complex, with various pavilions and offerhus.
The pyramid is surrounded by a 10 m high wall.
Many historians believe that it was the construction of the pyramid that linked Egypt to the world's first nation.
The last of Djoser own dynasty, Huni built the first pyramid with smooth sides.
He built it in Medum the end of 2600 BC.
Another sense to build Djoser pyramid
was that it would be a staircase to the sun god of Djoser when he died.
The largest pyramid of Giza, built by architect Mahnud Hotep years 2560f Cr. Approximately 50,000 people worked to build the pyramid, but according to ancient sources worked 100,000 people, which I think seems excessive. It is 146.7 meters high and each page is 230 m wide. It consists of 2.3 million stone blocks and the whole pyramid weighs about 5 750 billion tonnes. It took 26 years to build the pyramid of Giza. All boulders enough to build a low wall around the globe. Surface pyramid put them then a layer of white limestone plaster, which they did on them most of the pyramids. But it has worn away, a pyramid that will not rub on the Pyramid of Khafre, where little limestone plaster remains on top. Cheopspyramidens area is about 53000 square meters. Khufu's real name is actually Khufu, Cheops is the Greek name.
In 1954 they found a ship that Khufu buried so that he could use it in his last trip. The ship consists of 1,224 well-preserved parts that we sat together, and thus got a picture of how the ships looked like at the time. Khufu's father Snofru built a smooth pyramid in the Dashur, but when you built half was necessary to reduce the slope, the result became so ugly that he had built a pyramid in Medum.
The pyramids have many secret passages under the earth, but many of them are there to fool the grave robbers, which they did not succeeded. The graves are namely objects pharaohs relinquished, to get power and respect in their next life. The objects could eg be headrests, boxes of precious content, beaker, facial masks of gold, boat models, chest ornaments and nearly everything else from their lives.
The Egyptians believed that one's soul (Ba) and even spiritual counterpart of himself (Ka) would find his body for them to live an eternal life. So therefore wanted to take rich and respected people throw his body in the desert, because then ate asdjuren up your body and you did not live an eternal life. Therefore mummified and buried them bodies in secure pyramids and mastabor, for which believed them that the bodies would be protected.
The pyramids are counted as one of the world's seven wonders, and the word pyramid does glow in the middle.
Pyramids time lasted for 1000 years between 2640-1630 BC, and in that time managed to build them more than 80 pyramids.
But around the year 2200 BC, it was the lack of money in the Old Kingdom, largely because of pyramid construction.
It is noticeable on Mycerinos pyramid was built in between 2532 to 2504 BC.
less than half that of Giza, only 66 feet high. Pyramids therefore contributed not only to gather Egypt, but also to the highly developed culture went under.
So during the Middle Kingdom became therefore gradually to using rock tombs that were cheaper to build. Cut The tombs were built in the Valley of the Kings, as the valley later got hot. The Egyptians believed that the tombs would be less accessible for grave robbers
There are also Mesopotamian and Central American pyramids, but it is especially important foundation for the temple.
There are still both palaces and temples, and perhaps even entire pyramids that have not yet found buried under mountains of sand.
I think it's been fun to do research on pyramids. But I thought it would be more facts about the pyramids, but I've still learned most of what I wanted to know. I would have liked to know a little more about several different pyramids.