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Diseases and drugs sooner

Subject: Biology, Health, Human
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I have chosen to write about the disease in the past. Then there was the not the same medicines and help available today. So many died of small illnesses, such as colds that we today receive antibiotics and become healthy in a few days. I think it is very unpleasant to see how many died so quickly from diseases like plague, smallpox, and many more. There was nothing they could do, much of the population died out due to these diseases as everyone feared. One sees so clearly how the development has progressed the past hundred years, they have found different solutions and answers to big questions that no one understood the sooner. In this way one sees what man can really achieve.

This I have tried to find out:

1. How affected people of various diseases in the old days when there was not the same medications today?
2. What are the different diseases had the greatest impact on human beings?
3. Every beat of diseases and why?
4. When the man came up with ways to help and save lives?


Diseases and drugs sooner

The first hospital opened in the Nordic region was in Uppsala and was opened in 1717th
1752 opened the first teaching hospital in the country that was called Seraphim, thus could more people educate themselves and help those affected. The first pharmacy opened in Sweden in Stockholm in 1557, and after 100 years, there were a further five pharmacies in the capital. It was only when the hospitals started to really start helping people properly.


When hit by smallpox had been an infectious disease of the variola virus. The symptoms were terrible and if you managed to survive for as long as two weeks after the virus struck were often bald, blind and deaf, they also had to endure the ugly copper scars that were cysts filled with was that broke out all over his body. The first few days after the infection had the ill diarrhea, headache, fever, vomiting, and back pain. It was then very contagious to those around one. The virus is spread by direct physical contact with the sick person, but it could also be spread through the air with aerosols which causes the particles of a substance can be kept in the air for a few seconds, thus smallpox was also an airborne virus.

Edward Jenner, an English physician, was the man who came on how to cure smallpox. It was through a vaccine made of liquid from cowpox he gave a boy who had both smallpox and cowpox, the first dose of the new vaccine. The reason he did this was that he had observed the women who milked cows and wondered why they never became victims of smallpox when they still had cowpox over the hands. It was then that he conceived the idea of ​​cowpox have to function as a kind of vaccine against smallpox.
He tried to give the little boy a dose of cowpox and he was then cured and totally immune against smallpox. Cowpox from the cows and do so as to have blisters all over the body.


The plague struck in the mid-1300s and lasted only until the end of the 1700s. The disease killed off more people than all the wars of history together, because people were most afraid of right Plague. The Black Death was called the period where people most affected by the plague. Some 25 million people died in Europe during the Black Death, it represented about 25% of the then population. In Sweden we took 200,000 lives during the period, there were extra horrible I think because Sweden only had 500,000 inhabitants then.

It was in 1347 from an Italian ship from the Crimea in Europe that plague followed by the city of Messina in Sicily by those dead and those dying on board. Second hit Florence and most of Europe. Two years later the plague spread to Scandinavia through a Hanseatic ship ran ashore in Norway after it lost 30% of the population over six months. The year after Sweden was hit equally hard. Black Death * or another name Black Death was the worst period of the plague.

* = The Great Death

It was the rats that carried the bacterium Yersinia pestis that caused the disease and the infected humans by fleas from the coat, but you could also get the infection by coming in contact with an object that a victim moved in. It took about 3-7 days before the disease struck ordenlig for flea bite. The infected started to get chills högfeber and headaches. The side effects became worse and worse, and after another few days struck out large abscesses under the arms, in the groin and neck, the victim began to have difficulty breathing, a horrible breath and coughing blood.

Unfortunately, because of the poor little dirty homes, their poor hygiene and their lack of food were those who suffered all the worst. But Plague knocked people from all those different stalls, but not as many suffered by those of them poor. The worst thing was that there was nothing you could do, one by one was infected and disappeared. Families split by children, parents and relatives were torn from his life, away from the world.

The Spanish flu

During the period from 1918 to 1919 affected a large part of the world population of a flu-called Spanish flu. 25 million died and about 35 000 of these were Swedes. With these figures it is clear that more people died of the Spanish flu in those years than it did during the First World War. The disease had its beginnings in Madrid and got 8 million Spaniards bedridden. The flu was spread out into the world in about 4 months.

Adverse events started with a high fever, cough, pain in the eyes, ears and back, thick coated tongue, nausea and irregular pulse. No country escaped the Spanish flu, but the affected people worldwide. Many claim that it was in connection with the famine, which was a big problem during that time, the Spanish flu broke out. Because people did not get enough nourishment their bodies became weak and more susceptible to diseases. Spanish flu was an influenza took no account of this and hit harder than other flu epidemics.

Northern Sweden were hit particularly hard and large proportion of Swedes who died during the epidemic came from up here. It was mostly men from sparsely populated villages in the north were around the age of 20-40 who suffered, that was the pattern of the disease was quite unusual.
Arjeplog was one of the villages that were hit hard and lost 3% of its former population.

Because antibiotics are not discovered yet there was no cure for the flu. Then it was the only positive thing that the mortality rate of this disease was only 2% of those affected. But the victims were numerous and the number of dead as well. Penicillin was invented about 10 years after the worst period of the Spanish flu. You can read more about in the next paragraph.


There was a man named Alexander Fleming who came to möglets capacity to repel bacteria. This was in 1928, and Fleming had before it trained and become Professor of Bacteriology. He spent many years researching and searching for antibiotics that could serve as a remedy against bacteria that made people sick.
How he came to it was quite comical actually. When he went away on vacation, he had forgotten to wash one of his bacterial tiles, so when he returned home, he saw how the fungus in bacteria had destroyed all the bacteria that he left on the tray. Then he understood d that the fungus must have an antibiotic effect. About 11 years later, penicillin used on sick people as a cure, and four years after Alexander Fleming received the Nobel Prize because of his amazing discovery for mankind.

"Oh, thou happy posterity.
If you do not hear the wailing!
How will future generations think
that there once was a time,
when almost the whole world was without inhabitants? '

Francesco Petrarca


Now that I have finished my work, I got a bit more knowledge on how hard the people really had it back in the day due to these diseases and shortage of drugs. Since there was nothing they could do about it from the beginning, died after large parts of the population and it was big bangs to the world. There were not many people there then if you think about before epidemics. Hundreds of thousands of people, children and adults were affected and lost, and it took a long time and many lives before they came to cure.
I chose this topic because it affected the whole world and give this day a lesson that we really should appreciate life and the people around you, to all of a sudden they disappear. Now, these diseases were so serious and contagious so that families could really just waiting for the disease to strike in their vicinity. They were able to not avoid it in any way, especially not the poor who were worse off than the other stalls.

Electrical Lånström Persson

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One Response to "Diseases and drugs before"

  1. Marina on January 20th, 2009 at 10:15 AM #

    Heej I would like to know about diseases and lekemedel sooner nose.
    Asså I'd like to know what it was or what they thought about the nose and mouth before.
    For that we have as a school project and my mission is to find out the facts about the nose and mouth.
    Thanks in advance.

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