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Fungi

What kinds?

Mushrooms are not plants, they are not animals, they have their own "kingdom". And there are many different kinds of mushrooms; mold, lichens (a mixture of fungi and algae) and common wild mushrooms, they are all normal! Yeast is actually too small unicellular fungi, yeasts, and gives you the sugar you can see how they multiply. The yeast is also used to make alcohol. Some fungi are very important for human beings, for from certain molds can get vitamins and medications, such as penicillin. But it is also dangerous mushrooms, white toadstool death is dangerous and fly agaric is also dangerous but not as dangerous. Mold found in bread may be carcinogenic, and mold in water-damaged houses can be allergenic and give bronchial problems.

What parts?

The part of the fungus that we eat is the hat and fruiting, the lower part we pick the fruit is called the body, and some fungi have a ring in the middle of fruiting. Almost at the bottom of the sock is it's kind of like two rings and there is mycelium. It is the autumn fruiting bodies are formed, they are made of compacted fungal threads and their functions is to form spores which can then be spread and become a new sponge. The spores are under the cap, pipe, plates or tags. On morels are spores on top of the hat.

How do they live?

But mushrooms contain no chlorophyll, so they must have "cooked food" that humans and animals. But they eat differently than we do, they suck up nutrients directly from the environment. That's why fungi are sensitive to pollution. If the cars driving past a place where some mushrooms grow, taking up nutrients that fungi have received exhaust themselves. Then there will be no fine sponges when they've had too much of such nutrition!

Where are they?

Fungi reproduce by spores, they are everywhere; in the dust on the floor, the bread, the hair, the mouth, on the computer, etc. On the right places (soil, swamps, marshes, etc.) there may be a "network" of small, thin wires, much like a cobweb, it is called mycelium . There is an enormous amount of underground in the woods. Two inches under the earth, on a square foot, there are about 85 000 km. of mycelium, it would be enough to twice around the globe! In autumn, when the leaves fall down is fungi important small decomposers that help to remove leaves. And there are also many animals and people who eat the mushrooms. Some fungi live in symbiosis, that they coexist with other species, in this case the tree roots.

Parasites

Some fungi live not only by the industry coming from their environment, some are parasites! That means they take nourishment from living creatures, athlete's foot is a parasite, they grow on the feet into the skin of the foot. Athlete's foot can spread in the shower where the water is not draining properly and many people showers. Crayfish plague held by crabs and spot disease found among aquarium fish caused by fungi. Rust fungi and fungi growing on trees that have been damaged or healthy trees. Root rot caused by root-rot and is difficult to spruce. Fungal threads grows from spores that land on injury

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