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Early Civilizations

Subject: History , Society
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In Crete, grew the first Greek civilization up. For the year 2000 BC Crete was an island rich peasantry harvests figs, olives, wheat was good. The shipping was very important. Trade Seafarers sailed around the world and selling olive oil, pottery and fabric to Phoenicia and wine to Egypt. One does not know what the people who built this civilization called themselves, but the archaeologist who dug up the ruins called them Minoans after King Minos, a legendary king of Crete. The success of the Minoans was not due to good warfare and conquest, but for trade. They put out trade items in addition to the whole Aegean world (see map on previous page). Through contacts with Mesopotamia and Egypt, they could gain ideas and technology, which they adapted to their own culture.
Rulers of this civilization lived in a huge palace at Knossos. It had room for the royal family, religious altars, banquet halls and work of artisans. There were colorful murals depicting the women appeared freely in public. This indicates that the women in the Minoan civilization probably had more freedom and more rights than in most other ancient civilizations. Maybe it's links to the important role of a mother goddess in the Minoan religion.
At about 1400 BC. had the Minoan civilization disappeared. Archaeologists are not sure why, but likely is that a nearby volcano gotten great eruption and ash and stone buried fields. The eruption was followed by a shock wave that drowned all port cities and fishing boats. You probably know that looters also contributed to the decline of the Minoan culture. These invaders were Mycenaeans, the first Greek-speaking people that we know nothing about. The Minoan civilization reached its height between about 1750 BC. to 1500 BC.

The Mycenaean civilization on the mainland of Greece took over the Aegean world after the Minoans. Like the Minoans Mycenaeans were trading mariners. They had conquered the Greek mainland before they ran over Crete. They reached beyond the Aegean Sea to Sicily, Italy, Egypt and Mesopotamia.

Mycenaeans is probably best remembered for his seat in the Trojan War. The book Iliad of Homer, written in 700 century BC. involves just the Trojan War. There, he writes that it was the Spartans who fought against the Trojans, not the Mycenaeans. Probably because when the book was written was the Mycenaean heyday ended and the Spartans had the upper hand. But the war was enacted in 1250 BC. and then it was Mycenaeans that was greatest and best. He also wrote that the war began because the Trojan prince Paris abducted the mykenske king's wife, Helen. After 10 years of warfare came Mycenaeans on an idea. They built a giant horse made of wood and placed it outside of Troy as the Trojans then took into the city. It was hollow, and inside sat 30-40 warriors at night jumped out and opened the city gates. Mycenaeans stormed and burned the town to the ground. It's just a fictional story, but perhaps it is some truth in it. In the 1870s, decided Heinrich Schliemann to prove that the legend had a light of truth. When he dug out of Troy, who lay on the west coast of Turkey, he discovered that the city has been built several times. The low inventory of building blocks at each other. When he came to the warehouse from 1250 BCE. he found evidence of fire and war.

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