Dutchman Cornelis van Drebbel (1572-1633) is considered to have been the first who built a submarine. Already in 1624 he designed a craft that rowed with twelve oars with which he was traveling under water along the Thames.
In 1776 made an unsuccessful attempt to sink a British frigate with a one-man submarine designed by American David Bushell (1742-1824). The first time a submarine sank a ship was 1864 when a niomansubåt detonated a rod hitter in a nordstatsfregatt.
Towards the end - 1800s the time was ripe for machine-powered submarines. The Swede Thorsten Nordenfelt built in the 1800 - century steam-powered submarines that were sold include Turkey.
The last steam-powered submarine built, HMS - R26 in the British Navy.
Around the turn of 1900, there were two main types of submarines that would be further developed. These were enkelskrovig respective dubbelskrovig. Both had electric motor for submerged and combustion to surface.
The first diesel-powered submarines arrived in 1912 and they were used during the First World War. They were about 40 meters long and had 20 to 25 crewmembers.
During World War II was a typical submarine about 90 feet long, had about 55 crew members and was still using diesel engines.
The submarine was to play a major role during both world wars, particularly in the maritime war in the Atlantic, but during World War II, also in the Pacific Ocean.
After World War II constituted the strategic submarines important factors in the balance of terror during the Cold War.
By the middle of 1950 - century, the first nuclear-powered submarines. Dee is powered by nuclear fission and can stay close to indefinitely under the surface. The really long nuclear submarines are usually around 350 meters long. And has a crew of 100 - 200 men. A major advantage is the silence. A nuclear submarine is virtually undetectable via audio intercepts, because the only engine sound in principle only comes from the propeller.
Sweden's first submarine, Shark was built in Stockholm naval shipyards and was completed 1905.Den was an independent construction of Navy Officer Carl Richson (1857-1925), but was influenced by the U.S. Holland type.
Data: The submarine Shark (Ub no 1)
Type: Single Hull
Launched in 1904 at the naval dockyard in Stockholm
Height: 23.3 meters
Width: 3.6 meters
Displacement: 111 tons
Speed on surface: 9.5 knots
Speed submerged: 6.5 knots
Maximum diving depth: 30 meters
Armament: 1x 45 cm torpedo tube
Staffing: 12 men