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The Enlightenment

Subject: History
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There are certain things in life that we take for granted, what would our world without science, without reason and without feeling? Something that we do not think about is how much the people before our time have had to work to bring out the skills and theories that we have today.
Eighteenth century is usually called the Enlightenment, this is for Europe. That was when science began to take off and people began to understand that there was more than their trapped lives. People started to become more literate and instead of that before reading aloud have got every person to sit with their own book and calmly analyze and think over it. During the eighteenth century, Sweden lost much ground and hence much power. We did not have many important poet or writer does matter Carl Linnaeus as one of the greatest contemporary scientists. But the 1700s was not only a great time for poets, writers and scientists without and philosophers. During the eighteenth century lived some famous philosophers like Locke and Hume, they touched on a course which is called empiricism, the empiricism that lets you control the mind and to draw conclusions from experience.
Much in the eighteenth century breathed new thinking and a willingness to step out of the old one.
Some writers who lived and was active during the eighteenth century, such as Daniel Defoe, Jonathan Swift or Voltaire.
Daniel Defoe is best known for the classic novel Robinson Crouse. Daniel Defoe was a middle-class man who was a journalist, Robinson Crouse is a classic Enlightenment novel, he gets to experience things that he draws logical conclusions, and these prove to be correct.
Jonathan Swift is another classic writers of the Enlightenment, he was a priest working in England, people were shy and resented people. This is shown very clearly in his most famous book, Gulliver's Travels. Gulliver goes on a journey and he gets to experience things that make him realize how banal and horrible our own world is, when Gulliver comes back he will be misanthropic.
The person who perhaps best fits the description of the Enlightenment is Voltaire, he came out of the French bourgeoisie, and was very witty in his mouth. He sat in jail a few times but he was still a fairly wealthy man with goods. He has written poems and letters, but his best known work is a novel by the name of Candide. Candide is about a boy named Candide. He gets kicked out and, just like Gulliver and Robinson Crouse come out on a journey where much happens. And just like in Gulliver's Travels so criticized society and class distinctions hard. A
big difference between Candide and Gulliver's Travels is that in Candide criticized even the Church, it could not Jonathan Swift do, he was a priest!
These three authors' works are quite similar to each other, all three were about a person who would be out on a trip, see new things. This was very popular during the 1700s because people wanted something new, they strove for the best and had deep faith in the future.
But during the 1700s was not only feeling sense and striving for something better, there is also passion and romance. Two of the most prominent authors that show this is Goethe and Rousseau.
Rousseau lived in Switzerland and had a chaotic childhood. He mother died in childbirth and his father was forced to leave the country when Rousseau was little. He was taught the science, philosophy and history. Rousseau was rebellious in his lyrics, he got the people at think hard about both the one and the other, he wrote a book whose title reads: Emile or on education. So far, people had treated children as small adults, but he made many realize that children need to be children sometimes, however, he was not free-thinking in female equality.
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was another very famous writer who was active in Germany. He wrote a very famous so-called letter novel called The Sorrows of Young Werther. Because of that it was a letter novel you could describe people's thoughts in a completely different way. The story is about a very passionate and unrequited love, about duty and ethics at the same time how hunger is pulling in one and makes you want to do completely different things than what society would allow. Goethe has also written a novel named Faust, also this is a story about love, courage and selflessness.
Europe had indeed many good writers in the 1700s, but if we're going to focus a bit more about our own way, was there any literary work from the north? Sweden lost its power in the early 1700s and why we came in a little twilight away and had to receive the literary works from other European countries. But in the north there were a few writers whose works are read today. For example, we Ludvig Holberg from Denmark who wrote a play called Jeppe on the Mount. Jeppe on the mountain is a comedy that has very moral in itself, but it all does not end better for it.
In Sweden, we had, as I have so many writers, but we set up something called the Swedish Academy. The Swedish Academy would "clean" the Swedish language. Something similar had existed in France since long.
But the classic Enlightenment was also found in Sweden, it was the principal representative of the genre was Johan Henrik Källgren he wrote operas, theaters and other lyrical pieces. He was self-critic at Swedish daily and was not afraid to tell us when he thought a poem was lousy.
Källgren wrote poems that were critical of society, but also those who praised love and its power. Källgren died at the age of 43.
In Sweden there was something that was very unusual for the time, an authoress. Her name was Anna Maria Lenngren and the reason she was able to write was that she got married to the editor of the Stockholm record, she had already received training from his father.
Anna Maria Lenngren wrote poems later published in the newspaper, and people liked her work, but she wrote mostly anonymously, this meant that she was so much freer, there was a big difference between what men and women dept had to write!
She wrote very simple concrete aptly poems that are popular today.
The best known of 1700s writers are nevertheless Carl Michael Bellman. Bellman wrote everything from drinking songs to deeper stories.
He has been praised by many people and has been criticized by others. But Bellman really stands in a class by itself, he took visskrivandet to a whole new level. He Composed sometimes his music himself, but research has shown that he often took someone else's music and turned it so that it suited him. His songs and poems takes place often at the pub with a bunch of hilarious characters in. He manages to give the characters a life.
If we now compare the Swedish literature with the wider European one can see quite clearly that Sweden does not really hung out with the major leading nations such as Germany, France and England. But Sweden was not a superpower anymore, and we had at the beginning nobody king who cared so much about literature, Adolf Fredrik. And later, when his son Gustav III took power, it was almost too late. Sweden was still hanging low in the French classicism in which everything would be arranged in genres and most of it would be nobly and finely.
France in particular was a leading world nation in literature and had been there a long time, so then it's no wonder they were first even now. But even if Sweden va6r bit meager in his book production so we had a couple of brilliant writers and will certainly not be forgotten!

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