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The Enlightenment

Topic: History
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Enlightenment began at approximately the 1600s and ended in 1800. The Enlightenment was a cultural movement in Europe. It was during the Enlightenment that science began to grow and humanity began to understand that there was more than their parochial life. The people began to become more interested in reading and instead of reading aloud read each one their own separate book. Through it, it was probably easier to reflect and analyze what you read, and the ability to read what was in their own interest. It is probably easier to sit and read in peace. In addition, Sweden lost much ground during the 1700's which then meant less power. There were not many writers and poets during that time, Carl Linnaeus was one of the greatest contemporary scientists. The Enlightenment was also important philosophers. Loki and Hume were two famous philosophers who wrote on the terms called for "empiricism", in empiricism they used their reason and draw conclusions from their experiences. In the 1700s it was very much that it wanted out of the old. Some writers of the Enlightenment were: Daniel Defoe, Jonathan Swift and Voltaire.

Daniel Defoe

Daniel Defoe was born in 1659 in London, England. He was a British writer who was active during the Enlightenment. When he was 35 years of age affected his family from bankruptcy, then swapped his surname also from Foe to Defoe and in connection with that he began to write. In 1684 married Defoe with Mary Tuffley. He liked to travel and traveled extensively in Europe. When he was about 60 years he wrote Robinson Crusoe (Robinson Crusoe). It is a novel in 1719, which is about a man who becomes stranded on a deserted island in the middle of the ocean and spends 28 years of his life there myself. But one day he discovers native Friday that given that name because he found him on the very day of the week. Some other books that Defoe has written are:
Moll Flanders, Captain Bobo trips and adventures in Africa, Colonel Jack and Captain Singleton's adventures

Jonathan Swift

Jonathan Swift was born November 30 in 1667 in Dublin. He was an Irish-British church Oman, satirist and author. He is usually regarded as one of the world's most famous literary satirist. He was born seven months after his father's death. His kingdom uncle paid his education and he graduated from Trinity College in 1685. When the revolution broke out in Ireland, Swift fled to England where he got a job as secretary to the diplomat William Temple. The famous and popular book Gulliver's Travels, he published in 1726. The book is about Lemuel Gulliver who is studying to become a doctor in Cambridge. On the way to the East Indies becomes shipwrecked on four specific points. When the book was published, it became very popular due. Swift's understandable way to write and it really oozes anger against men all the nonsense in the book.

Swedish 1700s

Three authors who were active during the 1700s Johan Henrik Kellgren, Anna Maria Lenngren and Thomas Thorild.

Anna-Maria Lenngren

Anna-Maria Lenngren was born June 18, 1780 Uppsala. She was a Swedish poet. Her father was a teacher at Uppsala University and gave her a good upbringing, in addition, she received a good education that was unusual that the girls had at the time. She became interested in writing. Her childhood was idyllic father lost their job as a teacher and lived in constant bad economy father was additionally erratic, he was described as bohemian, and careless person. Lenngren often published his poems in Stockholm press but always anonymously. Lenngren was a very shy and reserved person and would therefore not be recognized due. his poems. It was only her closest friends knew that it was she who wrote the popular poems. The poem "A few words to my dear daughter if I had any" she wrote when her father had drowned and her niece, unfortunately, had become insane. The poem became her most popular.

Carl Michael Bellman

Bellman was born in 1740 in Stockholm. He got a good upbringing, and both his parents worked as assistant secretary. He had a private teacher, a tutor, and even went one semester at the University of Uppsala, where his grandfather had worked at one time. He took no degree but by the age of 17, he had translated several German plants. Bellman had several short services including official of the customs and the central bank. But they had a problem Bellman was very poor at managing finances and squandered almost all their money on entertainment. In 1763, he had so much debt that he had to flee to the neighboring country of Norway. Bellman also had a lot of love stories. In 1777 he married Lovisa Grönlund, who was the daughter of a customs official. They had several children together despite the difficult economy crisis Bellman had and they lived happily together. But as 1794 ended Bellman in prison due. their problems with their creditors. It took about two and a half weeks before his friends could not repay him. But then his health so bad that he died after six months.


Romance is a time period between 1790-1850. Romanticism changed society in many ways, for example. because the population grew, people moved to the cities and they became very crowded in the cities, mostly due to the industrial revolution. During this time, people began to venture further and started "living in the open." There is no exact date for when the romance began after it was built and became bigger and bigger all the time. The characteristics of Romanticism were literature, art, music, filosof- and the history of science.


Realism began sometime in 1830 and ended in 1860. It was a literary epoch, during which the author was very "straight forward". Realism can be said is contrary to the romanticism and its imagination and nature mysticism.

Charles Dickens

Dickens was born 7 February 1812 in Portsmouth. He was a British author who wrote many famous works. Dickens characterized as one of the world's largest English-language writers spirit. His popularity never stopped flowing and so far his work has not stopped suppressed. He also has been praised many times for his stories and his memorable novels.
When Dickens was a child his family ended up in an economy crisis (as was common at the time). His schooling was not much of, as a teenager, he learned to shorthand, which he had from when he in 1834 became a journalist. Dickens' most famous work is Oliver Twist.

Josefine Näsman

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