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Subject: Biology , Plants
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Botanical name Allium sativum = Allium sativa = Arbium sativum
English names Garlic, clove garlic, common garlic, allium, poor man's treacle
Other names Skorodon (Greek), allium, Alium (Latin), ail (French), Knoblauch (German), hvidløg (Danish), hvitløk (Norwegian), Valkosipuli (Finnish), aglio (Italian), ajo com'un (Spanish ), Ninniku (Japanese), suan, dasuan (Chinese), lehsun, Lassan (Hindi), sir (Persian)
• Other species Allium cepa = Onions; forming larger bulbs
• Allium longicuspis - Central Asia; closest relative
• Allium tuberosum Allium = odorum = Höstlök, one among several Asian species that smells like garlic but do not form bulbs
• Allium ursinum, eng. wild garlic, wood garlic
Garlic properties is most effective when it is fresh, but still have some effects when it is boiled or fried, especially as blodtrycksreglerare. Garlic is effective against bacteria, fungi, parasites and viruses. It seems like a super medicine and that is precisely what it is.

Fights infections - sometimes better than penicillin

Fights viruses - which can not penicillin

Blood thinning - discourage blood clots

Lowers blood pressure - good for the heart and blood vessels

Lowers cholesterol - good for the blood vessels and the heart

Relieves bronchitis and is expectorant in respiratory

Stimulates to the biliary excretion duodenum

Seems to nicotine. Garlic can be used as an antidote for nicotine poisoning and symptoms in chronic smokers

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Garlic Soup: 4 servings.

o 3 shallots • 6 cloves garlic
o o 2 tablespoons butter 5 cups water
o 1 vegetable stock cube o 2 1/2 tbsp flour
o 5 ml cream
o o 1 bunch chives salt and pepper

Finely chop the shallots and garlic.
Saute the onion in butter soft.
Pour in the water and crumble in the stock cube.
Let cook a few minutes.
Mix the flour in a little of the cream and whisk in the broth.
Pour in remaining cream. Let the soup boil for 5-10 minutes.
Chop the chives. Stir it into the soup.
Season with salt and pepper.
Serve the soup with e.g. baked ham sandwiches or garlic bread.

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Either you think about garlic or you do not. Strong feelings can arouse enough of all the one way or another - but most like it. Garlic is one of the oldest cultivated plants and has seasoned our food and cured us from the diseases for many, many years.

I chose the garlic just because I think it's a very good season and because I wanted to find out both its history and origin and partly facts about the onions as a medicinal plant.

Garlic - emergence
Garlic originated from Central Asia, where it grows wild, and because it is so popular is grown in warm climates worldwide. The garlic is two or perennial and onion has antibacterial properties. It belongs to the lily family of plants and is related to the usual matlöken and ornamental plants such as tulips, hyacinth and lily of the valley. The cultivated variant's botanical name is Allium sativum.

The onions that develop just beneath the earth's surface consists of 8-20 cloves, and each clove is contained in a paper thin, a little silky skin. The shell is usually white, but may also be pinkish or purple light. All parts of the plant smells strongly, but the onion smell the strongest. The plant can be 30-90 cm high. It has a straight unbranched trunk and several upright long and pointed leaves. The leaves can be chopped and used in salads. The flavor of the leaves are slightly milder than onions and are a good variety of chives. The garlic will bloom in late summer and the flowers are tightly packed in packs. The small flowers are usually white with a tinge to the green or mauve. A feature of the garlic is that the flower stems are very small bulbs, groddknoppar, instead of seeds. The garlic is grown mostly in warmer countries, in Sweden can overwinter in the southern provinces. The onions will light out for pests and diseases, including wire mesh, white mold and other viral diseases.

Folk names of garlic
Allium is the Latin name of löksläktet and it's likely from the Greek aglis, garlic core. Folk or local name for garlic is teriak peasant, devil's bouquet, häxgift, poor man camphor and love food. In French it is called ail garlic, garlic in English, German Knoblauch, in Spanish ajo and the Italian aglio.

Garlic history
Garlic has been cultivated in the East for centuries, and as early as 2000 BC Chinese found that it was invaluable in both cooking and medicine. Garlic appears in the oldest written sources in China and India. The ancient Egyptians had such a high opinion of the garlic that when they swore they invoked it as a deity and worshiped it, even. It was so sacred that the priests could not eat it. The slaves who built the Great Pyramid, each day eating garlic cloves to preserve his strength.

The Egyptians have left whitewashed clay models of garlic in common graves, and six real garlic found in Toot-anch-Amun's tomb. Probably they were there as offerings and to keep evil spirits at bay. In the Persian royal house in Susa was the year 25 kg of garlic daily. The Greeks and Romans also enjoyed the garlic. Their soldiers chewed in large amounts to rouse the anger against enemies and to maintain their strength. Greek athletes chewed traditionally in itself a clove of garlic before they participated in the Olympic Games, for them it was synonymous with health, energy and longevity.

The garlic was one of the four hundred medicinal plants gathered by the father of medicine, Hippocrates. In 400 BC he discovered its healing and curative properties. The Romans spread the onions to Western Europe, and the Spaniards, it spread to America. Garlic was eaten in Sweden during the Viking Age. According to tradition, the Vikings would have consumed substantial amounts of garlic before heading out on raids, to keep the strength up.

In Europe, garlic became a symbol of proletarian food culture and was used very sparingly in the classic French cuisine. Right up to our own century it was mainly in Eastern Europe - and the United States among immigrants from there - and quite special in the Jewish kitchen as they appreciated garlic. In Sweden, the garlic had significantly increased popularity after World War II through contacts with foreign cuisine.

Garlic odor persecuted by the story and from time immemorial it has been the subject of crude jokes - and not without reason. Alfonso, King of Casti Lien during the 1300s, could not stand the smell of garlic at all. He instituted an order of chivalry of the knights who had eaten garlic could not get near him to "at least". Garlic has even appeared in some legal contexts including in England. After a dispute between a lord and a resturant owner who lost the Lord came a court ruling that it is not a crime to cook garlic dishes. Resturang owner did however promise to hold the door to the restaurant is closed.

Our ancestors regarded garlic as allmogemat, an attitude that has fundamentally changed in modern times. In the USA, the garlic so popular that it has led to campaigns giant. The annual Garlic Festival held in Gilroy, California, draws tens of thousands of visitors. The festival includes "Garlic-hug-barn dance", "Love the garlic" - tennis tournament, "Great garlic gallop" and a "breathtaking bike race." The cherry on top of the garlic queen and has a Miss Garlic and parade. Many food stalls that compete for "Best garlic recipe" and where it stinks of over 150 kg of garlic. "Garlic Times" which is published in California only contains news about garlic. The pendulum has swung, today is the garlic on most grocery lists, while thirty years ago had to look long and empty journey to find a garlic. The spice Chinese really used the 2000 years ago has regained its rightful place in our lives.

How to eat garlic and still smells good

The special bulbs omen comes from a sulfur-containing essential oil with dialylsulfid as odor carrier. There is an herb and a spice that has special affinity with garlic: The herb is parsley and spice is salt. Both bring out the best of the garlic. Parsley is also otherwise a valuable herb for garlic lovers. Chew on a sprig of parsley to smell your breath is not garlic. Another trick is to chew tea leaves. There are certainly many other tricks which are also good to try. It's too bad that those who like garlic should have to worry about such things as bad breath - what if everyone ate garlic instead. Then no one would think ill be!

Folklore about garlic

"When Satan went out from the Garden of Eden after the fall, there grew up garlic which he had set down his left foot and onion where his right foot had touched the ground." The saying is one of the earliest examples of garlic in folklore and since then, many myths and legends, fables and superstitions emerged about the garlic. Here are some examples:

Garlic magical power of providing protection against witchcraft. In the Middle East and Far East bar man garlic as amulet. In Chinese mythology, the garlic a ploy against the evil eye. Anyone who dreams of garlic will find hidden treasures or secrets, and it will lead to discord in the home. That means turn that dream that you have garlic in your home.

If you want to deworm a dog you put an unpeeled clove of garlic in his food. Did you tape the dog garlic on New Year's Day, his bite in the coming year to be particularly sharp and painful. A necklace of garlic keeps vampires, werewolves and witches away.

In medieval times the garlic highly valued for its ability to keep vampires rod. If you are a garlic clove in your hand, you become cured of toothache. They used to put garlic in their children's stockings as a remedy for whooping cough. Breathing fumes from a nykrossad clove of garlic is an effective remedy for hysteria.

Rub the corns with crushed garlic, or add a slice of garlic on the corn and cover with a bandage. Replace each day for 8-10 days until the corn fall off. This was just a small part of all the examples that are dealing with the myths and legends, fables and superstitions.

Health, medicine and other uses
Naturopaths have prescribed garlic to their patients for centuries and in today's medical science interest is growing more and more for its healing power. Allicin is found in the onion, it has antiseptic properties, is expectorant and seems anticonvulsant. Garlic oil that is rubbed into the skin is a good insect repellent if you can stand it as perfume. In veterinary medicine, used garlic oil to get rid of ticks and it is also available in a preparation against FMD.

Many people believe that garlic provides protection against colds, sore throats, amoebic dysentery and other infectious diseases, due to its bactericidal ability. Garlic is thus expectorant and therefore good in the treatment of asthma and bronchitis. Research is ongoing into the possibility of using garlic in the prevention and treatment of heart disease and cancer. Garlic history is at all full of medical successes.

Surprisingly, garlic an excellent samplanteringsväxt. Carrots thrive when they are sown in the vicinity of garlic. If you plant garlic near roses disappearing black spot disease on roses. It is said that garlic actually enhances the fragrance of the roses, because the rose becomes enraged by his stinking company and secrete even more scent. Of garlic can produce an effective pesticide against onion fly, which attacks the strawberries and grapes. In today's cuisine has garlic versatile use as a spice in food and in salads, sauces and marinades.

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