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The united states of america

Ämne: Engelska, Geografi
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The explorer

Christopher Columbus was the first man who discovered America and came back, actually it was the Vikings who was the first from Europe, but they didn’t came back to Europe and tell everybody about the new land. Anyway Christopher Columbus thought that if the earth was round he could get to Asia on an easier and much shorter way, if he sails in the opposite direction. Columbus knew that if he could sail to Asia and save a lot of time he will became rich. Because in Asia the Europeans bought lots of stuff that was very expensive in Europe. It was like different sorts of spices and china’s. Columbus got a license from the Spanish queen to do his expedition. Columbus underestimated the size of earth, instead he found a new land. Columbus was the first who explored the continent in fact the new continents mainland was discovered of Americo Vespuchi who first got all the credit for his discovery. In fact if Columbus had not preformed his expedition, had Vespuchi never sailed and found the mainland. It was after Americo Vespuchis first name the continent was named

Amerindians and there fight against the settlers

More and more settlers came to the new land, but soon they realized that they not were alone in the big land. There it was inhabitants who had lived there fore ages, some of the inhabitants which the settlers called Indians were very friendly and some was not.
I can easy understand why some inhabitants were not so friendly. I think the Indian didn’t want to be “invaded” of the whites in their own country. Then all the settlers came and took their land, the settlers didn’t care about the Indians and their land, the settlers thought that the land only was theirs and that it was the Indians who had to move away. The settlers looked at the Indians as their subjects and treated them nearly like animals, I think. I can take the Sioux for example; they had been hunting buffalos in a very long time and that was their only livelihood. From the buffalos they could make clothes, get food and tools, but when the settlers started to hunt buffalos, they took more than they needed, so nearly all buffalos disappeared and that made the Sioux very angry. They started with protests, but the settlers ignored them. After a while the circumstances for the Sioux became very bad because of the decreasing numbers of buffalos. So the Sioux went to war against the settlers. Many other Indian tribes joined them into the war for example the Cheyenne. This war was quite long and with scattered battles. It last for nearly two hundred years. The American government first ignored the problem with the Indians and the settlers for many years. First after the battle of the little big horn in 1876, when General Custer was beaten and killed by the Indians, the government took the war seriously. After that the American army defeated the Indians many times until the Indians finally surrendered. The main reason why the Indians lost most of the battles was because of the American army superiority in arms. I think that many of this fights don’t were necessary, I think that when the settlers were peace negotiations with the Indians they misunderstood each other and that lead to unnecessary battles.

War of independence

First the America was British colonies, but the people in America wanted to have their own country. So the colonies worked together like a continental congress. The leader was George Washington, after the war he became the first American president.
All started in the 18 April 1775 when 700 British soldiers went from Boston to Concord. Their mission was to disarm a rebellion group in Concord. But in the forest beside the way to concord the rebellions were hiding and they shoot down most of the British troop. That was the start of the war of independence. Then only a month later in may 1775 the continental congress act like the first American government. They set up an army of 17000 men who command by George Washington who was at that stage a big landowner with experience of the France and the Indian war. The congress also sent representatives to seek for help from friendly nations like France who was the Britain’s biggest enemy in that moment. After that the fighting’s became a full scale war. After one year of fighting the continental congress finally cut all political ties from Britain and became an own country. Two days later the congress formed the declarations of independence. The declarations of independence was more than a proof that all the colonies had became one big country, it also sad that all people in that country have all rights to life, liberty and the pursuit to happiness. In the declaration of independence they also wrote ten head laws that are valid in every state.

A state is like an own little country, because all states have they own state laws. Every state also has one governor who rules in each state and all people have to pay state tax and national tax. When it is time to choose a new president all states have their own election.

The black slaves

The black people came to America from Africa like slaves. The white people thought that the black people were like animals. So the black people became slaves who worked in farms, they had nothing to say and they had no pay for their work. But in the 1800 many people wanted to stop the slavery and the protest went to a war, it was the south of America against the north. The south wanted to keep the slavery and the north was against it. The war end with a victory for the north and the slavery was stopped, but for many years after the black people was under deep oppression by the white people. In the year 1950 a black woman refuses to leave her chair for a white man in a bus. That was the beginning of the real change for the black people. Today the black people are treated like the white nearly, but unfortunately many black people live very poor. They don’t have the same opportunities as the white people because of their past. Education for example, it cost a lot of money to get a high education which many black people do not afford to. It’s like an evil circle I think.

A Holiday to remember

Thanksgiving celebrates the fourth Thursday in November every year. It started in November 1621 when pilgrims joined the Indians feast. The Indians shared corn with them and showed them the best place to fish at. The Indians also showed the settlers how to plant crops and were it would grow best in the American soil. That was the beginning for the holiday thanksgiving.
4th of July is America’s national day and is called the independence day. The American people celebrate the day when America became an own country in 1766 when the continental congress decided on the declaration of independence.

America today

Today America is one of the richest and most powerful countries in the world; much because of the oil I think. Unfortunately many people in America is very poor, specially the black and the Latinos. I think America have been so powerful and rich because when all the settlers became independent from Britain they could form the country in a more modern way compared to the older European countries . America was very early with a sort of democracy and that help them to get a good leader who could earn money for the country and other positives stuffs. In Sweden in that time we had a king who cared more about himself than about the country, it’s a big step from America in the evolution in that time. But one of the things that I think was very important was that the settlers who came from very different places and when all people who knew lots of things from there experience in there home country worked together in the forming of Americas laws and other decisions who was important for America.

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